Ivan Petrovich Pavlov

In the first post-revolutionary years, when the country was in the throes of starvation, cold and intervention when workers bravely enduring deprivation, stress defended under the leadership of the Bolshevik party young Soviet Republic, Ivan Petrovich, no weakening of his creative energy, continued to work hard. No power was - he was operated on by candlelight; not trams - seventy-year-old scientist on foot went into the lab; there was not enough food - he was treated ridge, providing yourself and your family vegetables. The personal example of the teacher infected employees, and the laboratories have not been interrupted hard work.
Just ended the civil war, the country began to move to the building of peace, and already on January 24, 1921 Century I. Lenin signed the decree of people's Commissars, who marked "quite exceptional scientific achievements of academician I. P. Pavlov great importance for the workers of the whole world". This decree was established under the chairmanship of A. M. Gorky Commission, which was tasked with "as soon as possible to create most favorable conditions to ensure the scientific work of the academician Pavlov and his staff".
One of the extraordinary difficulties for the work of Pavlov's laboratories were malnutrition experimental animals. In order to improve their nutrition, soon after the decree of people's Commissars of the Institute of experimental medicine was transferred to "the farm", located 12 kilometres from the outskirts of Leningrad, in Koltushi. In April 1926 there was created I. P. Pavlov small laboratory, and in 1929, the Council of people's Commissars of the USSR, in commemoration of the 80th anniversary since the birth of I. P. Pavlov ruled to release significant funds for construction in Koltushi Biological station, which, in the opinion of Ivan Petrovich, was to be, first of all, experimental study of heredity and variability of the higher nervous activity of animals. First performed here by the work was the investigation of the influence of the conditions of education at the warehouse of the higher nervous activity in dogs. If Pavlova was made only a small part of the total construction programs, but then Biological station was an outstanding scientific institution. "The scope of the research of thought and depth coverage of the developed problems amaze the visitor from the first minutes. It is difficult to compare the scientific institution in Koltushi with other similar institutions in Europe. Two opinions cannot be: Collosum belongs to a place of honor in the front row of scientific research institutions of the world," wrote one of the famous foreign physiologists, who visited Koltushi in 1935.
Completed after the death of Ivan Petrovich, Biological station (now the Institute of evolutionary physiology and pathology of higher nervous activity behalf of I. P. Pavlov) is a worthy monument to the great Soviet scientist.
In 1923 he published a collection of articles, reports, lectures and speeches I. P. Pavlov called: "Twenty years of experience objective study of the higher nervous activity (behavior) of animals". Later on, during the re-releases, this collection was replenished by a number of new materials.
In may-June 1924 in the audience of the Department of physiology at the Military medical Academy, Pavlov read systematic course of lectures on the work of the big hemispheres of the brain; in this course, Ivan Petrovich recounted his doctrine of conditional reflexes. "Lectures on the work of the big hemispheres of a brain" was published as a separate book.
In June 1925, at the age of almost 76 years, I. P. Pavlov left the Military medical Academy, where he worked for nearly half a century, and retired. But its research activities Ivan Petrovich did not slacken until the last days of his life.

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