Ivan Petrovich Pavlov

Throughout his scientific career I. P. Pavlov firmly stand on the positions of materialism bee his theoretical conclusions are based on accurate, objective study of reality.
Study of higher nervous activity, Pavlov has consistently pointed to the fact that the so-called "spiritual" activity is the activity of the cerebral cortex. At the dawn of its work on conditional reflexes, in 1903, he stressed its opposition to idealism. He said that "modern vitalism, animism well then, mixing different point of view: naturalist and philosopher" (talking about the philosopher-idealist.- Ed.). "Naturalist" all their grandiose success has always been based on the study of the objective facts and their associations". "For the naturalist in all methods, the chances to get unshakeable, durable truth, and this only, is obligatory for him, the point of view of the soul as naturalistic principle, not only unnecessary, and even harmful would give himself to know his work in vain limiting the courage and depth of its analysis".
Objectively studying the behavior of the dog, Ivan Petrovich clearly emphasized the possibility of objective study of human Behavior. He strongly opposed psychologists, standing on idealistic positions. "I constantly met and meet a lot of educated and intelligent people, who can not understand how you could ever entirely to study the behavior, for example, dogs are quite objectively, i.e. only comparing falling on animal irritation with the answers, therefore, not taking into account its intended, by analogy with our own subjective world," Pavlov wrote in 1932. "Of course, the same thing, only with much more conviction, accept, and respect to a person. There will be no great sin on my part, if I will admit that this belief is alive and in part psychologists, disguised approval peculiarity of psychic phenomena, which felt, in spite of all the scientific decent reservations, all the same dualism with animism, directly have a lot of thinking people, not to mention the believers".
Analyzing physiological methods mental activity of man, Pavlov does not consider that the doctrine of conditional reflexes can replace psychology. He acknowledged psychology, but believed that the subjective world of the person cannot be divorced from its material basis - the big hemispheres of a brain.
There is a legend that I. P. Pavlov was a religious, that he believed though in God. We must categorically reject this created a legend. Ivan Petrovich was a convinced materialist. He considered religion a protective reflex weak people, afraid of the powerful, unknown forces of nature. He emphasized that as people will learn about the world and its laws, the religion will lose its positions. How far this is from the view of the believers!
In the twenties of one of the leaders of the Church turned to Pavlov with a request in writing to tell whether he is a believer. Pavlov gave a negative answer. This is a document testifying about the atheism of Ivan Petrovich.
Once English physiologist of Cherrington said I. P. Pavlov that his "conditional reflexes in England unlikely to be successful because they smell materialism". Sherrington was right as that doctrine Pavlov materialistic, and that in modern bourgeois society materialist theory can not find support among the ruling classes. Only in the country, which carried out the hegemony of the working class and the theory of dialectical materialism became the dominant theory, teaching I. P. Pavlova have the widest distribution and to develop an entirely exceptional conditions. This development is carried out numerous team of Soviet scientists Pavlovskaya school.
In 1935 gathered XV international physiological Congress. August 9, 1935 in the overcrowded hall of the Taurian Palace in Leningrad I. P. Pavlov opened the meeting of the Congress. Having devoted the first part of his opening speech to the General questions of science, the great Soviet scientist turned to the question about the threat of another world war and has declared itself to be a strong supporter of the peace policy of the Soviet government.
"I am happy, " said he, " that the government of my country's prosperity, fighting for peace, for the first time in the history of the declared: "not a single inch of foreign land." He further stressed that "in international relations should follow strict justice."

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