Forty-first portrait

The death of Ibn Sina, like many episodes of his remarkable life, also surrounded by the legendary details in which the grateful memory of people has captured the worship of his works.
Told me that before his death, he summoned all his skill and prepared forty drug infusions, spilling them in forty different vessels. Each had his own room. The sequence drug he dictated to one of his disciples.
The first was to pour into his mouth, the second was supposed to RUB his chest, third - back, the fourth - legs, and the fifth again to swallow. And so on until the fortieth drugs, expressly prescribed left Ibn Sinaia.
And then came the moment when the great master died and excited student with trembling hands, took the container of the first drug. He poured it into his mouth...
Then took the second, the third. Checking the record, with bated breath, he tried not to miss anything, not to confuse them. Empty vessel with the thirty-ninth medicine. He couldn't believe my eyes. With each new batch of miracle drugs dead man was aging backwards, turned into a blossoming young man. It seemed a bit more, he opened his eyes, smile and talk. Here it is, the last, the fortieth vessel.
Careless movement, the sound of broken glass - and the living water spreads on earth.
From the ashes of the black and up to the heavenly bodies secrets I saw the wisest words and deeds. Guile I escaped, unraveled all nodes, Only the node death I untangle failed, -
wrote Ibn Sina in one of the poems.
Ibn Sina was buried in Hamadan, near the mountain river. And everyone knew who lies under the mausoleum of unfired brick. In the Russian newspaper "Doctor", 1900 published a short correspondence, the author of which, traveling around, decided to find the grave of Avicenna. He found it easy because plain to the mausoleum, as many centuries ago, came pilgrims, strangers, patients seeking miraculous healing.
But looked like the "Prince of medicine"? What was he? It turned out that no historical sources are not able to answer these questions. It is known that the works of Ibn Sina was reprinted in medieval Europe, not once, but accurate portrait of the famed physician was not.
Those drawings - forty portraits of what was once called Muslims to become informants and issue Ibn Sina guard Sultan, is long gone. One of the Oriental miniatures, Dating to XIII-XV centuries, is Ibn Sina standing on the Mat at the bedside. His features as the other characters miniatures, typical Mongolian - he skulas, narrow eyes closed in skin folds.
On the other miniature, of more recent origin, his face Ibn Sina oblong, with sharp features, long nose hangs above the upper lip, eyes narrow, beard falling wedge on the chest.
And the drawings of the XVII century is "the Prince of medicine," the burly man, with a full moon-shaped face, with a short nose and thick bushy beard.
Whom of artists to believe, if not one of them was guided in his work the exact data, and based only on a free flight?
In 1954, at the international Congress in Tehran, dedicated to the millennial anniversary of the birth of Ibn Sina, the delegation of Soviet scientists raised the question about the need to create precise, the documentary portrait.
It was a very difficult task. When in Hamadan built a new mausoleum, scientists had to open the grave of Ibn Sina and Iranian Professor Side of Nafisi took some photos with his skull. This documentary material and entered the laboratory plastic reconstruction of the Institute of Ethnography of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. He came to the miraculous hand of the anthropologist Mikhail M. Gerasimov. He was on the basis of his theory to restore the image of Ibn Sina.
Academician of medicine C. N. Ternovskii have taken the trouble to give a description of the skull of Ibn Sina photographs, and these individual anatomic features was the original impetus for the further work of restorers.
What came out renowned medics from the laboratory M. M. Gerasimov?
We see the portrait of his work fine, a little hook-nosed face of the man with the right, handsome features. Not Mongolian and such, which is characteristic of Eastern Europeans origin. And more precisely, by repeating after M. M. Gerasimov, this person characteristic of the Tajik and Uzbek series - with his slit open, slightly bulging eyes with a thin eyelids.
Restless, nomadic life of Ibn Sina, hard work did not promote excessive sex. He was well built, mobile and, obviously, soon to foot. In any case, what we know about his life, can confirm this assumption.
Carl Linnaeus, the outstanding naturalist XVIII century, called avicenia evergreen plant of the genus verbena. The symbolic name - the works of Avicenna, advanced his ideas full of life, like green branches avicenia.