Miscarriage (abortion)

Abortion, or miscarriage, considered to be artificial (interference) or spontaneous (without intervention) termination of pregnancy up to 28 weeks.
Violation of pregnancy within the first 15 weeks, i.e. up to 4 final formation of the placenta, refers to a miscarriage early pregnancy, after 16 weeks - to miscarriage of late.
Abortions (miscarriages) are divided into artificial and spontaneous.
The number of artificial abortions include:
1) abortion produced in a hospital setting for social or medical reasons, and
2) community-acquired (criminal) abortion, not grounded in medical and legal relations. The latter are sometimes called "underground" abortion.
Community-acquired (criminal) abortion, as a rule, is positive; it is usually in unsanitary conditions most pregnant women and persons specially engaged in illegal logoshnyak. Infected miscarriages are often accompanied by fever, sometimes with chills.
In order to prevent harm to women's health unsafe abortions, by the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR dated 23/XI 1955 pregnant given the opportunity to decide the issue of motherhood, i.e. to leave existing pregnancy or to terminate the past, for what she's supposed to go to the antenatal clinic at the place of residence for directions to the appropriate medical facility.
The operation of abortion is free of charge, if continuation of the pregnancy and childbirth threaten the health of women. The existence of such conditions is set doctors of hospitals or maternity hospitals. In other cases the operation of abortion may be performed for a small fee.
Spontaneous miscarriages occur, as a rule, without any interference from outside, due to reasons of local (from the sexual apparatus) or of a General nature (somatic and psychological diseases pregnant) or due to disease of the ovum.
Miscarriage typically proceeds at a normal or low body temperature and rarely accompanied by fever.
In this section does not address issues related to abortion for medical reasons, as in the hospital met all the conditions necessary to prevent complications, threatening the health of women. However, the operation of pregnancy termination, produced in the hospital environment, is of obvious danger in its consequences for the health of women, in particular its Zagorodnoe functions, than convincing in-depth studies of a number of authors.
The operation of abortion, as a rule, is connected with the imminent injury to the uterus, affects the change of morphological structure of tissues last and distorts the nature of the impulses coming from the uterus into the Central nervous system. This results in the brain can be created stagnant center of excitement, and this, in turn, reflected on the activities of the intermediate brain and pituitary gland. As a result, in one degree or another upset function of the uterus. These changes are especially pronounced among those women who have had an innate inferiority morphological structure of the tissues of the uterus, as this can be seen histological research of L. I. Chernysheva.
These morphological changes in tissues cancer in some women in subsequent created unfavorable conditions for inculcation and development of a fertilized egg.
The immediate danger of miscarriage is that when there is an opportunity for infection of the uterus. It turns out that already the next day after the removal of the ovum from the uterus in the last detected microorganisms, of which 3 or 4 days progressively increases (G. F. Somakian, D. Davydov, M. A. Kolosov, V. A. Afanas'ev, D. Gerczinski and many others).
Under appropriate conditions microorganisms from the uterus can penetrate into the area of appendages, pelvic peritoneum, the tissue and cause inflammation.
Particularly severe complications, often endangered the lives of women are observed in the artificial community-acquired (criminal) miscarriages.
The incidence of women after abortion, initiated outside the hospital, reaching very high numbers (18,8%).