Adaptation syndrome

Adaptation syndrome (synonym syndrome voltage) - a set of non-specific changes in the organism under the influence of various strong stimuli or damaging factors. Adaptation syndrome can cause injury, high and low temperatures, infection, enhanced muscle work, etc. On the effect of these factors is the body responsible reaction (stress)that have similar clinical manifestations and common pathophysiological mechanism. The main features of the General adaptation syndrome : hyperthyroidism and hypertrophy of the cortical layer of the adrenal glands with increased secretory activity, atrophy of lymphoid organs (thymus, spleen, lymph and eosinopenia, bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract.
General adaptation syndrome consists of three stages. First - reaction "alarm" is characterized by the mobilization of protective forces of the organism. She, as a rule, short, and depending on the strength of the stimulus and opportunities of an organism or ends with the death of the latter, or passed to the second stage of resistance, which may continue for a long time and is actually adaptation. In this stage all protective forces of the body tense, functions of the systems of adaptation increased and the person becomes more resistant not only to the action of the stimulus that caused adaptation syndrome, but also to a number of other pathogenic factors. If the effect of the stimulus continues after the adaptive capacity of the body runs out, there comes the third stage of exhaustion, the manifestations of which are the opposite of symptoms second stage.
The main role in the emergence of adaptation syndrome play hormones of adrenal glands, which causes most of the clinical symptoms adaptation syndrome.