Chloroethyl, ethyl chloride (Aethylium chloratum, Aethylii chloridum; list B) is a drug. Apply chloroethyl for introductory or short inhalation narcosis, as prolonged inhalation may cause myocardial damage, liver, kidneys.
Anesthesia is developing quickly within 1-2 minutes, the initiation phase is poorly expressed, consciousness is restored after 2-3 minutes after stopping inhalation chloroethyl also used for local anesthesia in low-surface operations. After contact with the skin because of the rapid evaporation of the drug is a significant cooling of the skin, there ischemia, reduces sensitivity. Under severe cooling possible tissue damage.
The form of release of chloroethyl: ampoules and vials to 30 ml with special shutter.
Cm. also Drugs.

Ethyl chloride (Aethylis chloridum, chloroethyl; list B) as a tool for inhalation narcosis; monochloride. Transparent liquid; temperature boiling 12-13 degrees. Flammable. Drug effect develops and ends very quickly. The use of ethyl chloride is limited due to the small drug latitude; by side action similar to chloroform. Use for short-term shallow anesthesia and induction narcosis. Sometimes used for local anesthesia: when applied to the skin quickly evaporates and cools it and causing the anesthesia. Method of production: ampoules and vials to 30 ml with special shutter.
Cm. also Drugs.