Afty

aftyEfty - small round or oval ulceration of the mucous membrane of the mouth (or sometimes other organs). Afty occur on the site of a bubble that bursts with the formation of painful erosions or ulcers covered with fibrinous film and surrounded by a red ring. The development cycle of afty 7-10 days. After healing afty on the mucous membrane no trace remains. Afty meet as a separate disease - aphthous stomatitis (see) and as a complication of diseases (FMD, sprue , and others). Afty are most often on the lateral surfaces and the tip of the tongue, lips, mucous lining of the cheeks, the bottom of the mouth cavity and the hard palate. The emergence of the aft on the mucous membrane AFTAoral accompanied with sharp pain, disorders of the salivary flow, difficulty chewing; submandibular lymph nodes increase. In some cases violated the General condition: increased body temperature, upset the activity of the gastrointestinal tract, eating difficult.
Treatment. Hygienic content of the oral cavity, applications astringent and disinfectants. See more treatment at the aft stomatitis.
Babies of the first two weeks of life on both sides of the hard palate can be formed superficial sores - the so-called afty Bednar related to the mechanical damage to the mucous membranes (not careful wiping the mouth of the child after birth, or daily wiping before meals).
Treatment: careful use a cotton swab moistened with a weak solution antiseptics.
Prevention: avoid wiping the mouth of the newborn.

Afty (from the Greek. aphtha - sore - a small ulceration of the mucous membranes of the mouth (less vagina). The primary element of AFTA is a bubble, which is rapidly decomposed with the formation of painful erosions or ulcers, covered with a yellowish fibrinous the exudate and surrounded by a red ring.
Erosion is located on damaged the basis and usually does not exceed 0.5 cm in diameter. In more rare cases, atty can merge, forming an extensive necrotic ulcers. Some patients A. can occur simultaneously on the lining of the cheeks, lips, tongue, and in the genital area. A. meet as an independent disease, and as a complication of other diseases, such as foot and mouth disease.
The etiology and pathogenesis of AFTA is uncertain. Allow viral etiology, but the vast majority of the researchers could not find the virus either in the contents A., or in the patient's blood. I believe that the cause of A. is a chronic disease of the gastrointestinal tract. The prevailing theory is infectious-allergic origin A., and allergens believe helminthic invasion, chronic inflammatory processes of different etiology, flu, sore throats and other
The emergence of afty accompanied by malaise and fever. The duration of the course of individual A. typically 5-7 days, rarely more. Heal without scarring. Otherwise, proceed chronic recurrent A., when along with the healing afty new ones arise. This process can take several weeks, after which usually occurs more or less long-term remission. However, A. may recur almost without interruption often for many years. A variety of chronic recurrent A. are the changes of the mucous membranes of the oral cavity when illness behceta: simultaneous education A. not only in the mouth, but the conjunctiva of the eye.
Treatment. Under normal A. sufficiently hygienic content of the oral cavity, applications astringent and disinfectants. Treatment of chronic recurrent A. a challenge. Suggested many different drugs and therapies that have only a temporary effect. Usually prescribe lubrication afty alcohol solutions aniline dyes, 2% solution of bleach, hydrogen peroxide, powder powder of complex of vitamins C and group b, lubrication 0.5% emulsion of prednisolone. Necessary sanation of oral cavity and treatment of chronic inflammatory processes in various organs. About the effect of the vaccine, made from the contents A. no conclusive positive reviews. Could dramatically shorten the course of deep painful A. and to reduce the number of relapses by the appointment of 15-20 mg prednisolone per day for 7-15 days. The treatment is repeated each time a relapse. Shown injections of gamma globulin and 5 ml of blood plasma (subcutaneously) 3-5 times a day.

Afty Bednar (ulcera decubitalia palati) - a kind ulcerative lesions of the oral mucosa that are observed in infants of the first two weeks of life. The origin of the aft Bednar is connected mechanically damaged by careless wiping the mouth of a child. Superficial sores appear on both sides of the hard palate, respectively hamulus pterygoideus; increase in size of a process extends to the middle seam of the mucous membrane of the hard palate and forms ulcer surface in the shape of a butterfly. Afty Bednar can give a picture of the so-called pseudodifference and even to be a hotbed of total septic infection. Treatment: careful use a cotton swab dipped 2% solution of silver nitrate. Prevention: avoid wiping the mouth of the newborn.