Therapeutic physical training in obstetrics and gynecology

The content of physical therapy
Means of physical therapy
Description of exercises used in obstetric-gynecological practice
Physical culture in pregnancy
The method of gymnastics in pregnancy
Gymnastics in childbirth
Gymnastics in the postpartum period
Therapeutic exercises in the operational delivery (abdominal caesarean section)
Medical gymnastics chronic inflammatory diseases of female genital organs
Medical gymnastics when the anomalies of the female reproductive organs: retrodelica the uterus prolapse of the uterus and vagina
Medical gymnastics for functional incontinence

Exercise is a powerful tool for strengthening of health and increase of resistibility of an organism of the person. Medical and gynecological monitoring sportswomen of high discharge (S. A. Yagunov and L. N. Startseva) have allowed to establish the positive effects of systematic physical training and sport on the woman's body and use physical exercise during pregnancy, at childbirth and in the postpartum period as a therapeutic and prophylactic agent.
The favorable influence of physical exercises on the course of pregnancy and delivery is confirmed by numerous observations of domestic and foreign doctors, obstetrician-gynecologists (N. M. Kukushkin, S. A. Yagunov, M. C. Elkin, R. G. Lurie, G. K. Ipatov, K. K. Skrobanski, L. N. Startsev, P. A. Beloshapko, M. A. Petrov-Maslakov, A. A. Lebedev, L. F. Kalinin, Vojta, Noack, Sommer and others).
Along with the improvement of the functional state of the cardiovascular, respiratory, musculoskeletal systems, systematic physical exercise creates a positive emotional attitude of the students, resulting in a physically well-developed women bear the pregnancy, mentally better prepared for childbirth, they are easier to progress in labour, there is a smaller number of postpartum complications.
The development of the bone-muscular system and improvement of the staff of the circulation and respiration should be paid great attention from the first years of life girls for the correct preparation of the organism to the most responsible period of life - motherhood. Physical education should take into account the biological characteristics of the female body. These features require a differentiated approach to the use of various physical exercises, the dosage of them, accuracy, etc. Special attention is paid to the strengthening of the back muscles, abdominal and pelvic floor, good functional condition of which promotes the correct location of the internal genitals. Professor centuries Korinevskii (1927) wrote: "Long neck, round back, lowered his shoulders, diverging blades almost always correlate with flabby belly and soft abdominal wall, barely restraining the head of the internal organs. Going on in these comparisons, we can assume the women of this type are weak muscles of the pelvic floor with all possible later complications. Local action special gymnastic exercises for abdominal and pelvic bottom is undeniable...".
Closely linked with the General physical exercise therapy, built on a strictly scientific basis and are an integral part of the complex of rehabilitation measures in the treatment of patients. In the treatment of a number of gynecological diseases along with medical treatment and physiotherapy are used exercise as a therapeutic tool, allowing to solve problems of pathogenesis and functional therapy.
The need to use physical exercises in gynecological practice justified by the works of O. Brandt, O. D. Ott, M. C. Elkina, S. A. yagunova, G. K. Gimatova, D. L. Chernyakhovsky, L. I. Starcevo, A. N. Atabekova, K. N. Pribylova, P. I. Belousova and other
Gynecological diseases observed a number of functional disorders. Some of them depends on the pathological process, anomalies provisions and development of internal genital organs, and the part occurs due to excessive zamowienia and sedentary lifestyles. It should be noted that negative emotions, depressed mood worsen the course of the basic disease.
Using physical exercises in the corresponding period of treatment, it is possible through the systematic practice to have an impact on the disease process, weakened function, strengthen the woman's body, improve its adaptation to physical activity. Emotionally saturated classes, as well as therapeutic exercise, will help to distract woman from thinking about their disease and the increased activity will restore the faith in their strength and bring healing.