Albania Resorts

Albania is a small, kind of country. In addition to the rich nature and variety of climatic zones, Albania has considerable balneological resources - thermal springs with a huge flow rate of the most diverse in the chemical composition of mineral water.
Albania is located in the southwestern part of the Balkan Peninsula, on the coast of the Adriatic sea. In the North, North-East and East it borders with Yugoslavia, South and South-East - with Greece. From Italy Albania is separated by the Strait of Otranto width of 75 km. area of the country 28 700 km2. The population is 1 700 000 people. About 1/3 of the territory of Albania lies at an altitude of over 1,000 m above sea level. Complex mountain relief of Albania, especially changing in the direction from the sea into the country, determines the climatic features of its separate areas.
Most dramatically, these features affect mountain areas, occupying the Eastern, Northern and southern parts of the country and in the lowlands along the Adriatic coast. The coastal climate of Albania is typically Mediterranean. Here is warm and damp winter, with average temperature in January is about +5 degrees. Not very hot and dry summers, with temperature in July is about 25 degrees. From 1100-1800 mm of annual rainfall most of them falls in autumn and winter months.
The climate of the interior of Albania, separated from the coastal chain of high mountains and almost not experiencing influence of the Adriatic, is more continental.
In the South it is much more hot summers, but not as dry as in coastal areas, and more cold winter.
In the North it is similar to the climate of Central Europe with relatively humid summers and severe frost in winter and heavy snow falls.
In other areas of Albania deviations from typical Mediterranean climate, the greater the farther from the sea is the area and the higher it is located in the mountains, where the effect of the vertical zonal distribution of temperature.
The large variety and richness of natural climatic variations Albania has a large number of climate stations and the sea, and at different heights above sea level.
Balneological resources Albania studied insufficiently, but on its territory revealed a large number of mineral springs with different physical-chemical composition.
Thus, valuable deposits of highly mineralized chloride-sodium water with high content of biologically active elements found in the coastal area to the West of the country (from Vlora to the mouth of the river Mati). Boreholes water has salinity of about 54 g/l, contain large amounts of iodine (10-12 mg/l), bromine (100 mg/l and more), boric acid (30-110 mg/l) and gairaut methane.
They are analogues of mineral waters of our resorts Seregovo, Hadyjensk and Kashin.
In areas of development of bitumovarochnyy (district of Salinity) in the composition of the gas is present sulfide and water by type sulfide are approaching our being. The rate of drilling exceeds 1 000 000 liters per day.
Brackish springs (0,5-0,6 g/l of hydrocarbonate-chloride-calcium-sodium (magnesium) and chloride-hydrocarbonate-sodium-calcium type with small content of hydrogen sulfide, similar to some sources of the resort Truskavets, are in the South of Albania (Permeti-Cadiot, Berat-Kelbecer). Sources with thermal strong sulfide waters of complex chemical composition is chloride-sulphate-sodium-calcium type with General mineralization up to 7 g/l, content of hydrogen sulfide up to 400 mg/l are in the center of the country (the district of Tirana, Elbasan).
On the basis of the sources of this group created a balneological resort of Liga.
For therapeutic purposes in the resort are thermal springs (50-55 degrees) with hydrogen sulfide from 290 to 410 mg/L. the Sources lidgi are analogues of mineral water available for many of our resorts: Sochi, Talgi, Keys and other
In the Eastern part of Albania (district Cramps) have low-mineralized hydrocarbonate-calcium and hydrocarbonate-magnesium water (source Beloved)and strongly alkaline (pH 9,5) sodium chloride, salinity (up to 2.4 g/l) and hydrogen sulfide up to 10 mg/L.
In them there is a high silicate acid (up to 89 mg/l), the presence of lithium and the presence of methane gas.
In the North-East of Albania (in the area Peshkopia and Kukes) have outlets highest rated cold (12C) sources, the water of which refers to the sulphate-calcium, has mineralization 4.1 g/l and similar to the water of our resorts Essentuki (source № 20) and Krainka. There are thermal sulphide water is sulphate-calcium type with a content of up to 50 mg/l hydrogen sulphide and temperature of 43.5 degrees.
The water of these springs contains silicic acid (more than 60 mg/l), boric acid (up to 20 mg/l), strontium (up to 20 mg/l) and arsenic (up to 1 mg/l).
Features of a geological structure of Albania create conditions for formation and other kind of chemical composition of mineral water.
Search and study of them will further expand hydro-mineral reserves of the Republic and will create a basis for further development of balneological resorts.
Every year off the coast of lake Ohrid, lake Shkoder, on the coast near Durres, Vlora and Hilary, in the Alps of Northern Albania and other areas of the country opened new comfortable holiday homes, sanatoriums and tourist camps.
Below is a brief description of the climate of resorts of Albania.

  • The Albanian Riviera
  • Durres
  • Wyeth-e-Ftohte ("cold water")
  • Pogradec