Pages: 1 2 3 4

Alcohol in the modern world

Currently, there are several major factors contributing to the growth of the dangers associated with drinking alcohol. These factors include the growth of the traditional use of alcohol, involvement of new regions in the use of alcohol (developing countries), involvement of new groups of the population to alcohol consumption (women, adolescents).
In 1979, at session of the Assembly, the who adopted a resolution in which it was noted that alcohol-related problems are among the most important public health problems. The Assembly invited member States who take necessary measures for reduction of alcohol consumption in their own countries (the Chronicle who, 1980). Established a clear link between the growth of production, alcohol consumption and increased drunkenness and patients with alcoholism (Lisitsyn, Hooves, 1983).
In the process of distribution of alcohol in new areas of significant influence, particularly in the early stages of this process, have international organizations dealing with trade in alcohol. It seems that emerged even some mechanism of penetration of the alcohol trade in new regions. In particular, in developing countries often crucial to the subsequent rapid growth of consumption of alcohol has imposition traditions consumption Niva. It is significant that in these countries the growth of alcohol consumption causes the main impact on the formation of living position of young people: it is the first experience all the negative consequences of its consumption.
In this regard, the data for the production of various kinds of alcohol provided by who (table. 2).
Table 2. Alcohol production in the world, mln dal (:Walsh, Grant, 1985)
alcohol production in the world
As follows from the presented data, by the beginning of the 80-ies have established a very high level of consumption of alcohol. However, the structure of consumption of alcoholic products varies considerably between regions (table. 3).

Table 3. Alcohol consumption (l) in 1981 in a number of countries per head of population over 15 years (from: Walsh, Grant, 1985)
Country Beer Wine Strong drinks
Australia
Germany
Czechoslovakia
GDR
Ireland
Denmark
New Zealand
Belgium
Luxembourg
UK
Austria
USA
The Netherlands
Canada
Hungary
Switzerland
Bulgaria
Spain
Finland
Romania
South Africa
Norway
Sweden
France
Japan
Portugal
Peru
Italy
Poland
Yugoslavia
South Korea
184,1
183,1
181,9
179,0
168,7
167,9
is 165.8
159,0
148,2
142,9
136,1
122,8
117,9
115,2
11,4
89,9
78,1
76,1
73,2
60,0
59,7
58,2
57,2
57,1
51,8
50,8
51,2
-
-
-
-
25,1
25,3
17,5
12,6
-
20,6
20,3
26,9
50,2
10,8
44,4
10,8
16,9
11,9
41,8
61,3
28,2
83,3
6,9
38,6
15,5
5,5
12,3
116,9
-
106,9
-
97,4
9,9
38,1
-
1,5
3,5
5,3
5,0
2,8
1,9
2,4
-
5,5
2,2
1,9
4,1
-
4,3
6,2
2,6
2,6
4,1
4,1
2,6
2,5
2,0
3,5
3,2
4,2
-
2,6
2,4
5,7
2,7
9,2

Total alcohol consumption in some countries of the world are reflected in tables. 4.

Table 4. Alcohol consumption in selected countries, L. abs. alcohol per capita per year (based on: the National economy of the USSR in 1985)
Country 1960 1970 1980 1985 *
USSR
Bulgaria
Hungary
GDR
Poland
Czechoslovakia
Yugoslavia
Australia
Austria
Belgium
UK
Denmark
Italy
Canada
The Netherlands
Norway
USA
Turkey
Finland
France
Germany
Sweden
3,9
...
6,1
4,1
4,1
5,5
5,7
6,6
8,5
7,3
5,2
4,6
14,3
4,7
2,6
2,6
5,4
0,4
2,7
19,1
5,8
4,6
6,8
7,4
9,1
6,1
5,6
8,2
9,0
8,1
10,5
9,6
6,4
7,4
16,0
6,4
5,5
3,7
7,0
0,5
4,7
17,6
8,9
6,3
8,7
9,2
11,7
10,1
8,9
9,4
8,8
9,7
11,0
11,4
8,5
9,2
13,9
8,9
8,0
4,9
8,6
0,7
6,6
15,8
10,0
6,3
7,2
8,7
11,5
10,2
7,1
9,3
9,2 * (1983)
9,5
11,2
11,0
8,3
10,3
13,0
8,1 (1983)
8,4
4,2
8,4
1,0
6,7
14,2
9,2
5,7
* According to socialist countries (except the USSR, Hungary and Poland) and in the capitalist countries the data 1984

The shown data in most cases confirm the General tendency of production growth and increasing per capita consumption. So, in European countries in 1960-1981, alcohol consumption has increased dramatically.
During the same period, the consumption of alcohol in South Korea has increased more than 7 times (the highest growth rates in the world). Alcohol consumption increases and leads to more than 60% of all European adults, Americans and Australians are in a condition of alcoholic intoxication often than once a month, and in the UK about 75% of the adult male population and 50% of women drank alcohol at least once a week (Saunders, 1984). These studies 11 thousand people in relatively "safe" in relation to alcohol abuse Japan show that daily drink alcohol 3% of women and 47% of men and completely refrain from receiving alcohol 77% of women and 20% men (Ueshima, Asakura-1984). Sighting surveys show that in the U.S. in 1971-1979, 16 million people aged 18 years and older consumed half of alcohol produced.