Alcohol and alcoholism

In development of alcoholism as a disease involves a variety of external and internal factors. Among them are the factors hindering the development of the disease, and the factors that contribute to the manifestation of dependence on alcohol. The advantages of the socialist way of life there is a real basis for refusal from alcohol and transition to conscious and natural sobriety on the basis of a healthy lifestyle.
However, until recent years, the situation was unfavourable (growth drinking when the widespread availability of alcohol, tolerance of the society to the admission of alcohol and so on). In foreign studies have shown that intensive growth of alcohol consumption occurs when breaks the established lifestyle changing social structure, i.e. when a company enters a period of transition. This new reasons contributing to the admission of alcohol, layered on the former. There is a similar trend in a number of developing countries (Walsh, Grant, 1985).
It is established, that the most intensive alcohol consumption is observed in developed countries. Among the factors contributing to the growth of alcohol consumption include high material standard of living that allows all the major part of the budget to spend on alcohol; a sharp increase in the number of free time; the negative effects of urbanization and other
Contribute and negative aspects accompanying scientific and technical progress. First of all there is a sharp intensification of life in all its manifestations. The unprecedented pace of life has increased and continues to grow: increases the amount of information that needs to process each person; have to make more and more decisions, and time on your thinking less and less. Consequently, the density increases all kinds of negative emotions: failures of trouble, defeats and conflicts. Increasing the frequency of contacts with other people, and they do not always run smoothly. Fewer physical, more intellectual work. In short, the modern man periodically experiencing mental overload and often is in a state of extreme mental stress. Therefore, it is not always could withstand the demands of life. Hence the growth of nervous and mental diseases and psychosomatic diseases.
This trend extends to the development of alcoholism. Many stress, discomfort, negative emotions - all this contributes directly and indirectly to increased consumption of alcohol leads to drunkenness. And in these conditions the use of alcohol stops to be a privilege of men of Mature age. Increased loads are borne by all age groups, then, that among other reasons affects the structure of alcoholics - series patients are replenished at the expense of women, adolescents and youths.
Gg Zaigraev (1986) considers that the reasons that contribute to alcohol use and the formation of drunkenness and alcoholism, are unfavorable living conditions and life experiences that cause an increased need for the removal of psychological tension in achieving peace of mind, moral and psychological satisfaction, self-expression and so on, this negative socio-psychological atmosphere around the issue of alcohol consumption is manifested in a conciliatory attitude towards the disease considerable part of the adult population in a constant pressure on the consciousness and behavior of people of common customs and traditions associated with alcohol use, weak control and insufficient use of measures of administrative and public influence on violators of the anti-alcohol legislation; low level of cultural and socio-moral development of some part of people is largely determine which alternative to use of alcohol or socially acceptable way under other equal conditions will elect a person to meet the above needs. The wide availability of alcohol, serious shortcomings in the field of manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages and, finally, a variety of negative consequences of drinking lack of effective activities for their prevention and elimination reinforce the impact of other factors, become relatively independent of the reason for the increase of alcohol consumption.