Alcohols (alcohols) - derivatives of hydrocarbonscontaining in their molecules hydroxyl group (OH). Lower alcohols - liquid, miscible with water in all respects, high - solid substances, not soluble in water. Alcohol soluble in organic solvents. In the form of acid esters alcohols are widely distributed in nature, are part of the essential oils, fats and other Alcohols are used in the manufacture of dyes, aromatic substances, medicines and other Alcohols, especially the lower, are highly toxic. Cm. also, Methyl alcohol, Ethyl alcohol.