Aleikia alimentary toxic

Aleikia alimentary toxic (synonym septic sore throat) - poisoningresulting from ingestion of food grain wintered on the field of cereals (wheat, rye, buckwheat and often millet). Formed in the grain toxin has a local effect on the type of burn and common, affecting bone marrow and apparatus, regulating blood, which leads to inhibition of the production of white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets , and a weakening of the overall resilience of the organism. Clinical course has three stages: 1) acute injury of the digestive tract - stomatitis, glossitis, pharyngitis, gastroenteritis; 2) the stage of radiation - reduction of the number of cells to 3,000 and below, hemorrhagic rash; 3) angina-hemorrhagic stage - reduction of leukocytes to 2000-1000 and below, necrotic angina with gangrenous the collapse of the tonsils, soft palate, pharyngeal ring, fever septic type drop in platelets up to 80 000-50 000 and below, bleeding from the nose, pharynx, esophagus, stomach and intestines. The most frequent complications, pneumonia, cellulitis, extensive necrosis. Diagnosis is facilitated by establishing the fact of collecting and eating wintered in the field of grain. The forecast is favorable for early treatment, doubtful in septic complications.
Treatment: at the first phenomena acute food poisoning should be washed stomach and give laxative (magnesium sulphate 30 g). Further treatment is performed in a hospital, providing a gradual transition to full fortified food, blood transfusions, appoint nukleinovogo sodium, the preparations of calcium, vitamin C, folic acid, vitamin B12, to fight infection antibiotics, sulfa drugs, protivomigrenoznoe serum.
Prevention: elimination of food wintered on the field of grain, explanatory work among the population. At occurrence of individual cases of Alakai alimentary toxic carry out the survey of the entire population in the area to determine the number of cells in the blood.

Aleikia alimentary toxic (synonym septic sore throat) - poisoning resulting from ingestion of food wintered in the box at the root, in rolls or most often in the form of individual ears of corn, cereals, mainly millet, wheat, rye, buckwheat, barley, oats. The toxin produced in overwintered grain, is a product of vital activity of microgramos Fusarium sporotrichiella var. And Fusarium Sporotrichioides sporotrichiella var. Poae, affecting grain.
The illness of alimentary toxic aleikia usually within 2 to 6 weeks after the start eating wintered grain, but it can develop after single ingestion 500 g poisonous grain and more. Local action is an inflammatory response by type of burn. The overall effect is deep intoxication affecting bone marrow and extramedullary machines, regulating blood. A severe necrotic angina and necrosis in places of the greatest congestion of lymphoid tissue, hemorrhagic diathesis with hemorrhages in the skin and internal organs.
The clinical course of the disease can be divided into three stages: 1) acute injury of the digestive tract (stomatitis - burning and soreness of the tongue, throat, oral cavity; the defeat of the throat (pain on swallowing, dysphagia; gastritis, nausea and vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea); 2) radiation: reducing the number of cells to 3000 1 mm3 and below, hemorrhagic rash; 3) angina-hemorrhagic stage: further decline in the number of cells to 2000-1000 and below, necrotic angina with gangrenous the collapse of the tonsils; the soft palate and pharyngeal ring, fever intermittently or septic type drop in the number of platelets to 80 000-50 000 and below, bleeding, and bleeding from the nose, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, intestines. The most frequent complications are: pneumonia, cellulitis, extensive necrosis. Early diagnosis is not difficult if it is established that the patient is collected and ate wintered grain. Differential diagnosis alimentary toxic Alakai spend with diphtheria. The prognosis is good with early termination of the use in food of products from overwintered grain. Treatment: laxatives, nutrition, rich in vitamins, especially vitamin C. a blood Transfusion, nukleinovogo sodium, calcium supplements, antibiotics, sulfa drugs, sodium hyposulphite, protivomigrenoznoe serum vitamin K, folic acid, vitamin B12. Prevention: should be deleted wintered grains from the diet of humans and animals. Surrender of such grain alcohol is allowed on the plants. In areas where the detected cases of alimentary toxic aleikia, prohibited the sale of grain and its products.
Suspicious grain investigate the toxicity skin-test on the rabbit (results in 5-10 days). A more reliable way to play radiation on cats (feeding products from grain). At occurrence of sporadic cases of alimentary toxic Alakai make a survey of the entire population of this paragraph with the determination of the number of leukocytes in the blood.