Ambulance

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By the resolution of the CPSU Central Committee and USSR Council of Ministers dated 5 July 1968 "on measures for further improving the health and development of medical science in the country" envisages reorganization of every major city in one of the hospitals in the emergency hospital and merge it with the station of emergency medical care. The same decree provides for the construction in large cities, hospitals, emergency medical care (with the centers resuscitation) on 600-1000 beds and more.
In recent years in a number of cities (Penza, Rostov-on-don, Oryol, Leningrad, Moscow) organized a special multiprofile hospitals, combined with ambulance services, emergency medical care, in which the treatment of patients with acute diseases and injuries. This helps to ensure a continuity of emergency medical aid at all stages.
Currently the station (branch) emergency medical care in the cities has sanitary transportation of one car with litters per 10 000 population for emergency assistance, one car with litters per 10 000 population for transportation of patients and one car without stretchers (4000 people) to provide medical care to patients at home.
In rural areas to provide emergency medical care for every 15 000 inhabitants is allocated one ambulance with a stretcher. The ambulance also have the station of sanitary aviation (see).
Posts of medical staff outreach of emergency care provided by staff regulations at the rate of one post (doctor, nurse and paramedic) on each motor vehicle emergency medical care.
Posts of medical staff specialized teams provided on the basis of one post in a shift in the composition of 1-2 doctors and 2-3 paramedics.
In a medical emergency significant role belongs to the middle medical staff. Every visiting team has a medical assistant (or nurse-midwife)who are directly involved in the provision of emergency medical care (see First aid, First aid); for the transport of patients in medical institutions at the request of doctors leaving the team, consisting only of a medical assistant and a nurse.
Stations and emergency departments should have a regular monthly supply of bandages, medicines, spare equipment in case of major accidents, as well as means of light (fault General lighting network). Cm. also the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, outpatient care.