Clinic - medical-preventive institution providing medical assistance coming patients and patients at home.
Along with the diagnosis and treatment clinic carries out preventive work on prevention of diseases and their complications, examination of temporary disability. The clinic works in territorial and district principle (see Medical area). The outpatient clinic of the industrial enterprises served by working on local shop principle.
Unlike polyclinics, outpatient clinic is a small institution, medical assistance it is only for the main professions (therapy, surgery, dentistry, Pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology). Persons in need at the discretion of doctors clinic in other types of medical care, directed to the relevant specialized agencies outpatient and inpatient care. Head of the clinic chief doctor.
There are independent ambulatories and clinics, combined with hospitals. Power distinguish the following categories of self (unlinked) clinics: I category - 5 medical positions; II category - 3 - 4 medical office; III category - 1-2 doctor's office.
Its work doctor of the clinic carries out with the direct participation of nurses, which helps him at the reception, perform the procedures in dispensaries (injections, banks, measurement of blood pressure, bandages , etc.) and prescription of a doctor to the patient at home. Nurses also actively involved in the implementation of preventive and anti-epidemic work of the clinic.
Clinic manages the work of medical stations (see), health posts (see), located on its client site.
To participate in the preventive, sanitary and hygiene measures clinic attracts a public asset of the population and supervises its activities. The clinic staff regularly conducts among the population health and educational work, teaches the techniques first aid and care.

Outpatient clinic (from lat. ambulatorius - mobile) - medical and preventive institution to assist patients coming for the treatment of patients at home.
Between ambulatory and polyclinic (see) difference conditional, quantitative: A. include a small institutions with no more than five medical positions. A., unlike clinics, opened mainly in relatively small cities and rural areas.
Dispensaries are independent, in hospitals and at industrial enterprises; in the composition of rural hospitals can be mobile A.
There are three categories clinic:1 category - 5 medical positions; 11 category - 3-4 posts; III category - 1-2 position.
Part A. usually no more than 2-3 rooms (therapeutic, surgical, dental). For the organization of reception of patients in A. there is a reception Desk. The execution of the prescriptions (injections, banks, temperature and blood pressure, enemas, compresses and others) in the treatment room A.
The norm needs in outpatient care is considered to be an average of 10 visits per 1 person per year, including in internal medicine - 2, surgery - 1,5, dentistry and 1.7.
The doctors and nurses of clinics provide care at home, and A. if the industrial enterprises of service of employees on the shop local principle, performing the full range of duties of shop local doctors. A. all types of work on health education and medical examination of the population. A. headed by chief physician.