Aminoalcohols (synonym: aminoalcohol, examine) - hydrocarbons containing hydroxy - and amino groups with different carbon atoms. Depending on the number of substituted atoms of hydrogen with nitrogen distinguish between primary, secondary and tertiary aminoalcohols.
Aminoalcohols combine properties of amines (see) and spirits (see); are strong bases. A. get the action of ammonia or amines on galotherapy or monoxide, hydrocarbons, as well as the restoration of nitro-derivatives alcohols. From A. great practical importance ethanolamines (see). Monoethanolamin, or kolomin, found in animal and plant tissues as part of phosphatides. Tertiary A. capable of forming appropriate Quaternary ammonium bases. The main representative of this kind of compounds in animal organism is choline (see), which plays an important role in the metabolism of lipids. From other aminoalcohols in animal tissues occurs sphingosine, which is part of cerebrosides and sphingomyelin. Linepithema group is also a member of adrenaline, acetylcholine, some alkaloids (ephedrine, cocaine and others) and various medicines (epically, pantethin and others).