Analgesic tools

Analgesic tools - substances that eliminate or diminish the pain. The nature of influence on the body analgesic funds are divided into two groups: narcotic and non-narcotic.
To a drug, or morphine, analgesic tools include opium, omnopon; alkaloid of opium - morphine; synthetic tools - hydrocodone, , Tebodin, lemorin, demorgan, promedol, penadon, palfium. To a non-narcotic analgesic tools include derivative of salicylic acid, sodium musk, acetylsalicylic acid, salicilamid, methyl salicylate, derivatives pirazolona - phenazone, amidopyrine, analgin, phenylbutazone; derivatives of aniline - phenacetin, paracetamol.
The influence of narcotic analgesic funds on the Central nervous system characterized by the fact that some centres (breathing, cough) they oppress, and other centers of oculomotor, vagus nerve) - excite. Pupillary constriction, which is the result of their incident action is one of the characteristic signs of poisoning narcotic analgesics. Characteristic of narcotic analgesic funds is a state of euphoria, which is expressed by the feeling of spiritual and physical rest. Ability narcotic analgesic means to cause euphoria due to the possibility of addiction to them (addiction). The risk of bias that may occur after a few introductions substances requires special caution when prescribing narcotic analgesic funds.
Testimony to the use of narcotic analgesic funds are strong pain associated with injury, sudden attacks of pain in heart attack, intestinal and kidney cramps, and pain in patients with unresectable malignant tumors. Narcotic analgesic tool is also used before anesthesia during surgical operations. Some narcotic analgesic funds are mainly used as antitussives (see Hydrocodone, Demorgan).
Contraindications to the use of narcotic analgesic funds for children up to 2 years in case of insufficiency respiratory centre, General exhaustion.
Acute poisoning narcotic analgesics develop coma, sharp respiratory depression, narrowing pupils with their further expansion.
First aid - the immediate scene stomach, then nalorfin (adults 0.005-0.01 g or 1-2 ml of 0.5% solution intravenously; insufficient effect infusion can be repeated, but the total dose should not exceed 0.04 g), which is a physiological antagonist these analgesic funds, reduces respiratory depression and reduces the duration of coma. Great value for the treatment of poisonings have inhalation of oxygen and activities aimed at maintenance of respiration: the use of koratala (see), tsititona (see), lobelina (see), as well as artificial respiration.
Non-narcotic analgesic funds differ significantly from the drug. Their analgesic effect is manifested with headache and dental pain, neuralgia, myalgia, and pain originating from organs of small pelvis. When the pain emanating from the thoracic and abdominal cavity, these substances are virtually ineffective. They do not depress breathing and cough centers, as a rule, do not cause addiction. Besides analgesic action, all nenarkoticheskie means possess analgesic antipyretic properties for fever. They lower the anxiety centers temperature regulation, the result is the increase of heat transfer: extension of skin vessels and increased sweating.
Salicylic acid derivatives and pirazolona have anti-inflammatory and anti-rheumatic effect.
Apart from the use of non-narcotic analgesic funds as pain at the above pain, they are used also as an antipyretic at high body temperature (40 and above). Non-narcotic analgesic funds, derivatives of salicylic acid and pirazolona, used for the treatment of rheumatism, non-rheumatic arthritis, pleural effusion , and other diseases involving active inflammatory reaction. Separate Analgesic means (for example, analginum, phenylbutazone, Morfin and other) - see the article by name drugs.