The broad-spectrum antibiotics

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Antibiotics so-called tetracycline - biomitsin, terramycin and tetracyclines, and chloramphenicol and its chemical counterparts - syntomycin and chloramphenicol - called broad-spectrum antibiotics. They not only inhibit the growth of many bacteria where there is a penicillin (staphylococci, streptococci and other) and streptomycin (Escherichia coli, the causative agent of plague and others), but also inhibit the development of Rickettsia, and some of the major viruses.
Streptomycin, like penicillin, has no medical effect at diseases, pathogens which are not bacteria, rickettsiae, and viruses. Under high magnification microscope (2 thousands of times), you can see the smallest of the bullock, often rod-shaped form, which are much smaller than bacteria and unlike them do not grow on artificial nutrient media, and reproduce only within the cells of an animal organism. It rickettsiae, which are the causative agents of diseases such as typhus.
Viruses even less than rickettsiae. They go through bacterial filters that trap on the surface of bacteria. So they called a filterable virus.
The amount of bacteria is measured in microns (one thousandth of a millimeter), the amount of virus in millimicron (one thousandth of a micrometer, or one millionth fraction of a millimeter). The size of the largest virus reaches several hundred millimicron (virus fever), the size of the smallest viruses are just a few of millimicron (polio virus).
Viruses, as well as rickettsiae, absolute parasites and develop only within living cells. Filterable virus are the agents of many diseases, including influenza, measles, smallpox, encephalitis, rabies, trachoma, fever, polio, and so on broad-spectrum Antibiotics was effective only in diseases caused major viruses. These include trachoma and psittacosis-fever.
Biomycin-chlortetracycline (abroad aureomycin), terramycin-oxytetracycline and tetracycline belong to antibiotics tetratziklinovogo stimulants. Producers of these antibiotics are radiant fungus. In the treatment of many diseases all three drugs tetratziklinovogo stimulants produce the same results; under certain infections one of them can have a more pronounced effect.
Tetracycline antibiotics are produced by our industry in the form of tablets, pills and medicines and are introduced mainly through the mouth, as they are well absorbed into the blood from the gastrointestinal tract.
Tetracyclines are widely used in the treatment of dysentery, diphtheria, scarlet fever, brucellosis, tularemia, whooping cough. They treat subacute bacterial endocarditis, pneumonia, and urinary tract infections. These drugs are prescribed to prevent borne complications. Tetracyclines in combination with akmolina proved to be effective for the treatment of diphtheria (together with antidiareynoe serum) and for the renovation of the media diphtheria Bacillus. Biomitsin with akmolina successfully used in acute catarrh of the upper respiratory tract.
In some cases with surgical diseases penicillin and streptomycin cease to operate. As happens, for example, at peritonitis caused by microbes that have become resistant to penicillin and streptomycin in the treatment of sepsis, boils, etc. And then come to the aid of tetracyclines. In therapeutic practice, such as pneumonia caused penicillinonline microbes can apply biomitsin.
Tetracycline antibiotics can also cause adverse reactions. Patients receive a disorder of the gastrointestinal tract (diarrhea, vomiting, nausea. Sometimes there is a local inflammatory reaction, itching, rash. Some patients have stomatitis, glossit or vaginitis caused by yeast-like fungi of the Candida. In rare cases, very weakened patients in the propagation of Candida may occur Candida sepsis.
All of these side effects usually terminated, if the patient stops to take antibiotics. However, in some cases - Candida - have to be administered to a patient a new antibiotic - nystatin, which is detrimental effect on Candida.
What is called reproduction of yeast-like fungi in the gastrointestinal tract? Fungi of Candida are the permanent inhabitants of the intestine. They settle on the skin and mucous person in the first days after birth and remain here almost all my life, not bringing harm to the body.
In some cases, the use of antibiotics in the body die some microbes - antagonists yeast-like fungi, and then Candida start hard to reproduce.