Basic concepts about antiseptic and asepsis

More than a hundred years ago, a French scientist Pasteur proved that the infection of wounds is the result of hit in the wounds of tiny living organisms that are visible only under a microscope, - pathogenic microbes or, as is often said, infection. Germs are in the air and on all the objects that surround a person. People are constantly in contact with a huge number of microbes. On the skin and mucous membranes can discover a variety of microorganisms. However, in the body they penetrate only in violation of the intact skin or mucous membranes due to wounds, abrasions, injections, burns or reduce the protective properties of the skin and mucous membranes with blood supply disturbance, cooling, depletion and the weakening of the organism in General diseases.
Established in body tissues microbes cause at the site of entry of local purulent-inflammatory effects (festering wounds, abscesses, cellulitis), and in more severe cases, the breakthrough infection in the blood poisoning (septicaemia). Most often suppuration is caused by germs that are kind of balls (staphylococci, streptococci) and sticks (intestinal, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and other).
Most surgical procedures (surgery, injections, blockades, intravenous and subcutaneous infusion, and so on) are accompanied by one or other infringement of an integrity of integuments, due to which it becomes possible penetration of the infection in the body.
The prevention of infection of wounds and fight infection in the wound, is performed by means of a complex of actions, called "antiseptic" and "asepsis".