Aphonia

Aphonia (esglesia) - inability to speak in a normal voice. There are atoniu true (organic, laryngeal) and functional, also called hysterical, or psychogenic. True aphonia occurs in diseases of the larynx, when bad closed or poorly vibrate true vocal ligaments due to inflammatory processes in them, paralysis, tumors, scars and other Aphonia due to paralysis of the vocal cords is called paralytic. Aphonia is one of the symptoms of diphtheria croup. Functional aphonia usually occurs after acute laryngitis patients with neurosis. The symptom of " Aspasia" in these cases stubbornly keeps, although local changes in the larynx disappeared. Sometimes functional aphonia occurs suddenly under the influence of excitement, fear, mental shocks. For functional aphonia characterized by the absence in the larynx objective of pathological changes, sounding cough when probing the larynx cotton brush. When true aphonia should be treated caused her illness. Treatment of functional aphonia is sometimes difficult, especially with nervousness. You insistent suggestion patients that they can talk loudly.

Aphonia (from the Greek. aphonia is loss of voice) - the lack of clear voices. When aphonia during speech, it makes a sound, a whisper, sometimes with admixture rattling inclusions. Incomplete or lack disorder voice called dysphonia.
Aphonia is a symptom of various diseases of the larynx, the nervous system or common diseases. There are A. paralysis, spastic and functional. Paralytic A. is more often caused by dysfunction of the lower laryngeal nerve, Innervate the muscles of the larynx, or disease of the nervous system, such as syringomyelia, syringobulbia. The defeat of the lower laryngeal nerve usually occurs due to injury (including operations on the thyroid gland), tumors of the mediastinum, esophagus, trachea, or due to toxic damage, such as influenza. Spastic aphonia occurs as a result of spasm of internal laryngeal muscles. In the basis of functional A. lies incomplete closure of the true voice; in this organic lesions are observed.
Aphonia can also occur on the grounds of acute or chronic laryngitis, by tumors of the larynx. If the tumor develops on the free edge of a true vocal cords, it creates a mechanical obstacle to their rapprochement; malignant tumor, spreading deep into the tissues, can affect the nerves and muscles. Often A. is the first symptom of an aneurism of the aorta, pulmonary tuberculosis, tumors of the mediastinum and so on, Therefore patients with A. must be thoroughly examined. Treatment for A. depends on causes.