Arachnodactyly

hand and foot by arachnodactylyArachnodactyly - syndromic hereditary diseases of connective tissue (Marfan syndrome). Clinically arachnodactyly apparent imbalance in the growth of the trunk and extremities, long hands, feet and fingers (Fig), widely spaced eyesthat lie beneath the overhanging brow, blue eyes, short-sightedness, a high arch palate, weak development of the muscular system, looseness of movements in the joints, long, strained in the anterior funnel or pigeon chest. Often congenital heart defects, and abnormalities of the cardiovascular system (aortic aneurysm). Sick children behind in mental and physical development from peers, poorly resistant to infection, many die from them early age.
Specific treatment of the disease there. For gross deformities of the chest (funnel chest) resort to surgery.

Arachnodactyly (arachnodactylia; from the Greek. Arachne web - spider and daktylos - finger; synonym: dolichoderinae, acromeglia, Marfan syndrome) is an anomaly of development of the limbs, especially the fingers. The etiology is not known. There arachnodactyly rare, mainly girls. The bones of the limbs, especially the hands and feet, elongated (reminiscent of the hand and foot monkeys), sometimes narrowed; phalanxes of fingers elongated and fancifully curved resemble the legs of a spider (Fig). Often there are other malformations: exostosis heel bone, dislocation of the hip dislocation or subluxation of the lens. The growth of children for the most part below normal; chest narrowed and extended; power is reduced. Child development slowed down, sometimes there mental disabilities. Children with arachnodactyly generally unstable to infections, many of them perish in the early years of different diseases.