Aspiration

Aspiration - penetration into the respiratory tract when inhaling various foreign bodies organic (pieces of food, peas, nuts, vomit) or inorganic nature (balls, nuts, nails, removable dentures, are not deleted before narcosis, and others), pus, blood. Clinical manifestations aspiration depend on the nature of aspirated bodies, their size, the degree of solubility and infection. Aspiration of large foreign bodies, completely covering the ground clearance of the respiratory tract that causes instant death; if aspiration small foreign bodies appears noisy breathing, painful cough, and Sometimes other foreign body clears his throat, resolved or samkovaya. In some cases, as a complication of aspiration arise bronchitis, bronchiolitis, traheobronhity, atelectasis and bronchiectasis and pneumonia, abscesses.
Aspiration in children is observed more often than in adults. Aspiration of amniotic fluid occurs due to oxygen starvation of the fetus at the heart of the mother or the torsion and the clamping of the umbilical cord. In newborns and young children aspiration milk occurs during feeding by a violation of the swallowing reflex when the defects of the gastrointestinal tract; possible aspiration films diphtheria, food for laughter, coughing, and other cry
Treatment: urgent hospitalization for removal of foreign bodies by using a bronchoscope (see Bronchoscopy); in case of failure of this method, surgery is shown. Cm. also Asphyxia.

Aspiration (from lat. aspiratio - inflation) is getting into the respiratory tract when breathing various foreign bodies, liquids, food particles, pieces of fabric, blood, various micro-organisms, substances and so on Aspiration of food debris, mucus, saliva, etc., in patients with impaired swallowing reflex is observed in the General weakness, status typhosus, the CNS aspiration of vomitus most likely to occur in individuals with darkened minds. Aspiration of blood occurs when bleeding in the nose, mouth, respiratory tract and esophagus, stomach. Blood, falling into a throat, can penetrate the respiratory tract. Of particular importance A. mucus in the Airways in a state of anesthesia.
Consequences aspiration depend on the consistency aspirinum masses of their infection and the depth of penetration into the respiratory tract. A. a large number of liquid and semi-liquid mass and large foreign bodies leads to death due to suffocation. When aspirating a small number of these masses they penetrate the respiratory tract and expectorant, dissolve or cause different location, extent and nature of inflammation and damage in the respiratory tract or lung tissue - laryngotracheitis, bronchitis, bronchiolitis, pneumonia and complications in the form of suppuration and gangrene.