Injuries in the cab

Injuries to the driver and passengers in the cabin of the car, arise during sudden braking, the presence of an obstacle, due to impacts of the body on the protruding parts of the interior of the machine and shake body, and in some cases - as a result of compression. Mainly localized on the front surface of the body. Depending on the place and position occupied people in the car at the time of the accident, there is a certain complex of damage from a blow on the part of the interior of the car.
Depending on the vehicle speed, the way and the deceleration time to failure occur overload of various sizes. So, when the vehicle is moving at a speed of 40 km/h and braking (up to a complete stop) parenchymatous organs "increase" in weight 11.2 times, and at a speed of 100 km/h in 28 times.
The driver observed abrasions and bruises, located on the front surface of the chest and follows the contour of the steering control. Some of the most common injuries can also include fractures of the cervical spine, the body of the sternum, ligament Sterno-clavicle joint, bruises or breaks hearts, broken ribs, acetabular, patellar and bones of the lower extremities. Damage to internal organs: liver, kidneys, spleen - are less common.
The passengers, as a rule, there are extensive combined internal injuries resulting shock or direct strikes. There is also a number of other damage in the form of abrasions, incised wounds on the face, neck and hands, which are formed from glass fragments.
Damage during the compression of the body between the part of the car and obstruction can occur under various conditions. In most cases, such damage is not compatible with life.
Compression between the part of the vehicle and the ground or the floor of the road may occur as a result of overturning and overturning cars, the formation of multiple fractures. More often damaged chest and skull. In cases of pressing of the body to the vertical obstacle is of great importance, what part is down. Usually the process of compression is preceded by the hit part of the car. Forced pressing the chest to the obstacle and the vehicle is not only a skeletal fractures chest, but education bullous emphysema. The degree of compression depends on the severity of damage, and death can occur not only from mechanical injuries, but from the compression of asphyxia. Injuries of the chest in such cases are observed in about one third of cases, and damage to the organs of the abdominal cavity - much more often. In 20 % of cases occur fractures of the pelvis.