Hospital

The hospital is intended for treatment of patients mineral baths and other Spa treatments (soul, intestinal lavage, irrigation and so on).
Of the hospital can be of two types: a) rooms with shared bath and General razdevalke and b) with individual cabins, accommodating tub and a couch for undressing.
There are other types of cabins: one razdevalka on 2 cabins with two razdevalke per cabin. The bathing area of the hall is set at the rate of 6 m - 1 bath. The area of individual cabins 8-8,5 m; cabins with one razdevalka about 14 Ls, with two razdevalke 15-16 m2. The hospital may have cabins for massage shower (see), intestinal lavage (see), inhalation (see), and so on, the air temperature in the bedrooms and razdevalka of the hospital should not be below 25 C; humidity not higher than 60 - 65%. For balneological procedures use natural mineral water from Kaptagai (see), drilling of wells and artificially made. The Spa facilities that use hydrogen sulphide mineral water, the concentration of hydrogen sulfide in the air should not exceed the following limits (0.015 mg/l air). Some of the hospital have mud offices (see Mud baths) and a small inpatient facilities (15-50). The duties of nurses includes: control the preparation and release procedures, their dose, the patient's health, as well as rendering in necessary cases of urgent first aid. Middle and Junior medical staff directly engaged in the conduct water treatment, has the right to additional leave (6 working days). Nurses and cleaners who work full time in the premises of hydrogen sulfide baths, are entitled to additional leave (12 working days). The same right is granted to staff engaged in preparation of artificial hydrogen sulfide water (lab technicians, chemists)and machinists pumping stations, electricians, fitters and other persons permanently employed by the service premises of the hospital and balneo-technical constructions. Cm. well as Balneotherapy.

Balneary (lat. balneum - bathing), baths,therapeutic institution, intended for carrying out of Spa treatments (mineral, sea baths). If the hospital has a Department for vacation mud treatments, it is called the Spa clinic (see Mud baths).
Balneolechebnitsa, there are mainly in the resorts with mineral springs, and on seaside climate resorts (sea baths). The hospital opened in large cities, the health resorts, farms, etc. on the basis derived drilling wells of mineral springs. The resort of the hospital typically for 20, 40, 60 and 80 baths, balneological Department at health centers - on 6-8-15 baths. The number of resorts of the hospital combined with resort polyclinics.
B. are of two types: 1) rooms with shared bath and General razdevalke (Fig. 1) and 2) with separate booths. Cabin usually contains a bath and a couch for undressing (Fig. 2), but there are other types of cabins: 1) with bathroom - razdevalka in two cabins and 2) with two razdevalke per cabin.
The main areas of the Baltic include: a lobby with a cloakroom, lounge with reception Desk, a doctor's office, shared bath room or individual cabins, relaxation rooms, etc. depending on local conditions of the hospital may have cabins for subaquatic intestinal baths (see), shower-massage (see), irrigation, gargling, intestinal lavage (see), and so on; therapeutic pools, showers, exercise room, massage rooms, inhalatorium, and so on, the area of the bathing hall set the rate of 6 m2 with one bath and dressing rooms at it was 2.25 m2 on one place; the number of places in the changing room usually in 2 times the number of installed baths. In the halls with private cabins arrange common to these cabins working corridor width of 1-1,25 m, isolated from the corridor through which the patients. Location aisles are usually one-sided in relation to own cabin (Fig. 3). The area of individual cabins 8-8,5 m2; cabins with one razdevalka about 14 m2, with two razdevalke 15-16 Square meters entrance hall with cloakroom (per tub) 1.5 m2, rest rooms (one couch) 3.25 m2. These rooms feature in the most secluded and quiet part of the Century; the number of seats should be 30-40% more than the number of baths. A significant part of the hospital is balneomedical services: installation for heating or cooling of mineral water, reservoirs for accumulation and storage pipeline system to transport water from the place of receipt (Kaptagay, drilling wells, sea and so on) to B. and within the Baltic
When the device B. it should be borne in mind that the majority of mineral waters (see) aggressive towards usually applied in the construction of the iron and steel is corrosion, which negatively affects the physical-chemical composition of mineral water. Very corrosive hydrogen sulphide mineral water; for they are recommended pipes made of asbestos cement, ceramics, glass, vinyl plastic and other polymeric materials. Appliances for pipes of the hospital (faucets, valves, cranes, etc. must also be korotiejeva: bakelite, viniplast, Solomin and so on, Pumps, tanks, and other devices must be corrosion-resistant coating. In connection with the aggression of most of the mineral waters and the presence of gases the removal of waste water in total sewage network is not produced, arranged individual reset. The air temperature in the bedrooms and razdevalka should reach 25 degrees, the rest (rest rooms, waiting rooms, and so on) - from 18 degrees.
Spas as part of physiotherapeutic departments of hospitals, polyclinics, sanatoriums, unlike balneolechebnitsa, apply fresh water, and artificial mineral water (carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, radon, nitrogen - see Tubs). Hydropathic has a shower chair (see), tubs and other devices for a vacation different water procedures (Fig. 4). Cm. also Hydrotherapy.

Fig. 1. Shared bath room for 10 baths with total razdevalka 15 seats: 1 - baths, 2 cabins for undressing; 3-buffet nurses; 4 - chair.
Fig. 2. Bathroom shower with razdevalka: 1-tub; 2 - couch.
Fig. 3. The scheme of one-sided location of the working corridors (4) in relation to individual private cabins: 1 - couch; 2 - bath; 3 - corridor for the sick.
Fig. 4. The planning scheme of the baths of the sanatorium at 250-400 beds: I - area for waiting; II - private room; III-the room for the staff; IV - room for wrapping; V - a room for undressing; VI - shower room; VII - room massage; VIII - linen; 1 - the soul; 2 - bath; 3 - shower chair; 4 - screen; 5 - couch; in the case for heating blankets; 7 - medical wardrobe; 8 - table; 9 - linen closet; 10 - toilet.