Biological antiseptic substances

Biological antiseptic is achieved using various biological products, contributing to the destruction of germs get into a wound or in the body. These include antibiotics - substances produced by microorganisms or created synthetically, as well as drugs that increase protective functions of the organism: vaccines, serum gamma-globulins , and so on
The antibiotics. The big merit in obtaining and study of the first domestic antibiotics belongs Soviet scientist 3. C. Ermolovoy. Antibiotics, entering the body of the sick, actively influence the growth and reproduction of bacteria. The majority of antibiotics has a selective effect on those or other microorganisms, i.e. given an antibiotic effect on a certain type of germ. There are many broad-spectrum antibiotics, i.e. a specific antibiotic effective against several types simultaneously. Currently, there are dozens of different antibiotics. The greatest distribution was received penicillin, streptomycin, syntomycin, chlortetracycline hydrochloride (biomitsin), tetracycline, neomycin sulfate (kolimitsin), monomitsin, erythromycin, signalizing, norfolkline, gentamicin sulphate (garamycin), kanamycin, chloramphenicol, pyopen, randomized and others Created a semisynthetic antibiotic - ceporin, ampicillin, oxacillin.
Antibiotics are used as local (flushing and irrigation of wounds solutions of antibiotics or bandages with creams and emulsions of antibiotics), and for the common effects on the body (through the mouth, subcutaneously, intramuscularly, intravenously).
The solutions of antibiotics used for sterilization of instruments, equipment, suture material. More often sterilization, antibiotic is in addition to chemical sterilization and be immediately before the surgical manipulation. Typically, these solutions consist of combinations of different antibiotics (penicillin + streptomycin + neomycin sulfate and others in the amount of 1 000 000 - 2 000 000 IU 150 - 200 ml of distilled water).