Biotope - land habitats of plants and animals, characterized by uniform conditions of existence.
Flora and fauna habitat is its biocoenosis; each biotope has its own ecosystem. Some habitats can be natural centers of infectious diseases of humans and animals (see Natural focality).

Biotope (from the Greek. bios - life, topos - place, countryside) - part of the habitat of animals, characterized by the similar conditions of existence. Fauna and flora of the Baltic make it biocenosis (see). For small and sedentary species, such as slowly creeping arthropods, Biotope - limited portion of the forest, steppe, meadows; for small mammals and birds - stony deserts, forests of different types, etc. Within the Baltic distinguish were different - designated under stones, tree bark, leaves, etc. biotopes are permanent and temporary. So, water accumulation in the axils of leaves, in the hollows of trees can become a habitat for mosquito larvae. But animals occupy not only the areas of land or water. Parasites live in the bodies of various animals and humans (see Parasitoses). Some biotopes of the external environment are natural centers of infectious diseases of humans and animals. Study and analysis of the conditions for the occurrence of such foci is of great importance for epidemiology. Cm. Natural focality.