Blepharospasm

blepharospasmBlepharospasm - spasm circular muscles century (Fig.). Develops reflex in response to irritation endings of the trigeminal nerve in the eye diseases, as well as other bodies (inflammation of the meninges, dental caries and other). Often blepharospasm accompanies TB-allergic disease of the conjunctiva and cornea in children, as well as the skin, especially if there are cracks in the external angle of the palpebral fissure. Blepharospasm may occur by ingestion of foreign bodies on the upper eyelid conjunctiva or cornea. Treatment of blepharospasm is a removal of the calling its causes.

Blepharospasm (blepharospasmus; from the Greek. blepharon - eyelid and spasmos - spasm) - tonic contraction circular muscles of the eye, leading to persistent spasms batting eyelids. Occurs B. acute diseases of the eye or eye injury - symptomatic B. Especially often B. observed when keratoconjunctivitis patients scrofula. In these cases, the disease is accompanied with sharp photophobia and lacrimation. At long blepharospasm may occur inversion or ectropion. Much less common so-called essential B.; the reason it is hysteria, sometimes traumatic neurosis. Treatment B. is to eliminate the underlying disease. When tuberculosis is allergic diseases is particularly important to fight small cracks in the skin at the corners of the eyelids, as they can be the cause of sudden blepharospasm.