Blepharitis

blepharitisBlepharitis - inflammation edges century; the most common diseases that have a chronic course and the tendency to relapse. Blepharitis is not uncommon at reduced power, hypovitaminosis, metabolism disorders, tuberculosis, TB-allergic diseases, diseases of the teeth, nose, chronic intoxications in the helminthic invasions, with poor hygienic conditions of work and life. Promotes disease, local infection (white or Golden Staphylococcus, Streptococcus). Doubtless influenced neskorrigirovannoe anomalies of refraction (especially hyperopia, astigmatism).
When blepharitis patients complain of itching, fatigue eye, increased sensitivity them to the wind, dust and bright light. Simple (flake) blepharitis is characterized by redness and slight thickening of the eyelid edge, the appearance of scales, the loss of eyelashes . Ulcerative blepharitis on her red, swollen skin eyelid margins appear pustules that music industry form a crust; skin beneath them bruised and bleeding. In place sores subsequently formed scars; lashes fall out or due to scarring of the skin grow properly. Marojejy blepharitis is characterized frothy discharge, which accumulates in the corners of the eye slits; often complicated by the superficial corneal infiltrates.
Treatment should be primarily aimed at addressing the causes of blepharitis. Topically applied creams with antibiotics or grease eyelids 1% alcohol solution brilliant green. At the same time because of the accompanying conjunctivitis buried in the bag kongungualny 0.25% solution sulfate zinc, 30% of a solution sulfatsil-sodium (sulfacetamide). Ulcerative blepharitis take cover after softening their 10% ointment sodium salt sulfatsil-the sodium, and then grease the sores solution of brilliant green. When Mamaieva the blepharitis is shown massage century glass rod with extrusion content glands, rubbing eyelids with a cotton swab moistened with a mixture of alcohol and ether, with further blurring the ciliary edge of a 1% solution of brilliant green.
For the prevention of blepharitis is set to timely treatment of diseases that contribute to its occurrence, the correction of refractive errors points.

Blepharitis (blepharitis; from the Greek. blepharon - eyelid) - inflammation edges century. Blepharitis is a very common, often hard and long flowing disease. The main forms of blepharitis - scaly, or simple, and peptic ulcer. In addition, there are the so-called angular blepharitis, which affects only the corners of the eyelids; B. this is a complication of conjunctivitis caused by diplomaciai Moraca - Axenfeld. A special form is B. caused by hypersecretion marojevic glands, the so - called blepharitis meibomiana. Occurs B. more frequently in people of low power, in children with tuberculosis-allergic diseases (scrofula"), disorders of metabolism. In the basis of ulcerative B. there are usually different infections of the skin of the eyelids. Unfavorable external conditions (dust, wind, smoke) contribute to the development of blepharitis and complicate the fight against it.
When scaly B. at the edges of the eyelids felt constant itching, skin at the base of the eyelashes hyperemic, covered with small grayish-white scales (printing. Fig. 4). Eye strain (work at a close distance, reading in poor light) enhances irritation of the eyelids, and B. may take a chronic course. In ulcerative B. developing a deeper defeat of the eyelid edge, they swell severely, on the skin at the base of the lashes appear purulent brown, after the removal of which remain bleeding ulcers. In severe cases, pustules are located around the edge of the century, purulent inflammation located here sebaceous and sweat glands, hair follicles, eyelashes falling out. On the place of the deep infiltration of eyelid skin begins scarring, which ever sharply thicken and bend.
In the treatment of blepharitis is of great importance to the improvement of the General condition of the patient (the hygienic mode, vitamin-rich food, fish oil, yeast, etc.,) and elimination of the adverse external factors supporting and reinforcing the disease. Scales and crusts from the age remove with a cotton swab dipped 2% solution of boric acid or solution of cyanide mercury (1:8000). Eyelids are at the roots of eyelashes is treated with 1% alcohol solution brilliant green, grease disinfectant ointments (syntomycin, mercury). Also effective sulfacetamide and penicillin in the form of lotions or ointments. In the treatment of blepharitis meibomiana produce re-massage age for extrusion secret marojevic glands with further blurring the edges of the eyelids where the excretory ducts of these glands, the solution of brilliant green. Treatment of angular blepharitis is the same as angular conjunctivitis, Moraca - Axenfeld (see Conjunctivitis).