fleaFleas are small blood-sucking insects, parasites mammals and birds. The eggs are laid in the burrows of animals, indoors in dry dust, or cracks in the floor. Vermiform larvae svobodnozhivushchie, active, eat organic particles. Time of complete metamorphosis fleas depend on the power, temperature, and humidity. Basic medical value Bloch - distribution-borne diseases, including plague. Plague bacteria penetrate into human organism when trigiani fleas during krovotechenie or through broken skin from the faeces of infected insects. In addition, fleas infect humans endemic (mouse) typhus and are intermediate hosts of worms - Cana Tikovenko and the rat, sporadically found in humans. Saliva fleas have an irritating effect.
To fight the fleas in a residential area, especially where there are dog or cat, the primary importance of sanitary-hygienic measures: wet cleaning, regular washing of floors salt, soap and water or krolikova solution, sealing (putty) cracks in the floor, etc. In the mass emergence of fleas use DDT, dieldrin, lindane in the form of emulsions or Farrukh Dustov (see Dezinficiruyusch funds); linen and clothes opisyvayut 10% of dust DDT. Individual security in conditions, when mass appearance of infected fleas, is to wear special protective clothing and using repellents (kozol, Bensimon, diethyltoluamide and others). Dogs infected by fleas, bathe using kremlinului emulsin, soap DDT , HCH , or sprinkle 10% of dust DDT (to prevent lizanie animal drug!). For the extermination of fleas in the burrows of rodents, especially in the areas stricken by the plague, apply 10% Douste DDT, introducing it into the holes of special machines, as well as chlorpicrin or methyl bromide, strictly observing all the required rules of personal safety (see Disinsection, Deratization). Cm. also Carriers.

Fleas (Suctoria, Aphaniptera) - squad secondarily wingless parasitic insects, all kinds of them in imaginal phase are the parasites of warm-blooded animals (birds and mammals, including humans) and feed on blood. Known as 400 species of fleas.
B. undergo a full cycle of transformation. Body fleas together, they are pressed laterally, covered with rigid chitin. On the convex-rounded head with a pair of simple eyes. Some species B. blind. From the bottom front edge of the head hang down piercing-sucking mouthparts, behind them is the crest of flat waves (ctenidia). Chest below are attached three pairs of legs; the last pair, the longest - springboard. On the back of the ninth segment of the abdomen lies lattice sense Pigini. Color fleas from pale yellow to dark brown. B. good move in the thick hair of the owner, land - races. Egg flea not sticky, easily fall of wool bedding lair of the owner. Larva B. worm. The head bears mouthparts that scraped spots of dried blood and organic residues. Pupa B. motionless, not eating. The length of the life cycle is different for different types of fleas; it depends on the outside temperature and frequency of power supply. Saliva fleas have an irritating effect.
B. live in dens, nor mammals, birds nest, and in the homes of people with poor sanitation, where there are dogs and cats. B. are temporary external parasites. Fleas that live in burrows, can attack the person who sleep in the desert. Fleas carry long fasting. Being exclusively blood-sucking, often eating insects, they are vector-borne diseases until the plague (Fig).
Combating B. is hygienic maintenance of living accommodation, dusting ustami DDT and hexachloran burrows of rodents. Required simultaneous struggle with their owners - rodents. Cm. also Carriers, Natural focality.