Blood pressure in children

Blood pressure in children depends on age of the child. The lowest blood pressure in newborns. With age, blood pressure increases, but it is uneven. The most intensively increased blood pressure after 9 years. The values of systolic blood pressure in newborns - 59-71 mm RT. Art., diastolic - 30-40 mm RT. Art. in children under 1 year respectively 85-100 mm RT. Art. and 35-45 mm RT. century, in the early and preschool age - 86-116 mm RT. Art. and 55 to 63 mm RT. senior values of systolic blood pressure in children after a year can be approximately calculated by the formula 80+ 2A, where is the number of years of a child's life. Diastolic blood pressure is approximately 1/2 - 2/3 systolic. Before the period of puberty blood pressure boys and girls are almost the same, in the future, several large values of blood pressure are found in boys. Measure blood pressure in children as in adults. Used cuffs of different width: babies-2 - 3 cm, for children of early age - 3-4 cm, pre - school age 6-8 cm and for the students - 10 - 12 see When measuring blood pressure in children it is necessary to note, that its size can influence the excitement of a child.
High blood pressure in children above the age of norms is often observed in puberty, when under the influence of endogenous hormonal factors may occur the so-called juvenile hypertension. High blood pressure may be associated with pathological processes in the organism of a child with congenital and acquired disorders of the kidneys, gormonalnozawisimae tumors of the adrenal gland, lung diseases, at the beginning of infectious diseases, often in the period of recovery from diphtheria and scarlet fever. A decrease in blood pressure below normal occurs in acute eating disorders, serum disease, acute and chronic adrenal insufficiency, etc.