Is it possible to prevent diseases of joints and spine?

  • Physical methods of prevention of rheumatoid arthritis
  • Ankylosing spondylitis (Bechterew's disease) and its prevention
  • Deforming arthrosis and its prevention
  • Prevention of intervertebral osteochondrosis
  • Of complex systems in our body is the musculoskeletal system. It is an automated system, in which everything must be properly adjusted. The locomotor organs have a significant impact on the Central and peripheral nervous system, cardiovascular and other systems of the human organism. Full operations of these systems without motor activity impossible.
    The locomotor organs so called because people with musculoskeletal system (Fig. 4) adopt necessary for its existence, position in space. Neuromuscular apparatus allows a person to sit down or stand up, lie down, or to roll from side to side, or from his back to his stomach. Using management systems and the movement of the work is done.
    The locomotor organs, they are also called because the human body relies on them, with their help, he moves and, most importantly, they keep the whole body, they protect the most important internal organs and systems from the adverse effects of the external environment.
    The heart and large vessels, bronchopulmonary system, as well as liver, pancreas and spleen, are under the protection of the chest; the brain with all major centers of life is protected by the skull. He, like shell, protecting these vital centers from external influences. Or, for example, pelvic bones, like wings disclosed to support the internal organs. The woman they play an important role in protecting the fetus from negative external influence.
    Well, what is the meaning of the spine? The spine is the core, which helps to maintain a person in a vertical position. It protects the spinal cord and nerve roots from external influences. Around it unites the whole musculoskeletal system (extremities, pelvis, chest). The spine is also the basis for the skull. All this is, so to say, the external side of anatomical and functional structure of this device. Its internal structure is very difficult and is of great importance to establish links with many body systems.

    locomotor apparatus of human long femoral bone
    Fig. 5. The main structural segments of long tubular bones (in this case hip): 1 - epiphyseal cartilage; 2 - epiphysis bones; 3 - metavis; 4 - diaphysis; 5 - epiphyseal cartilage; 6 - epiphysis bones; 7 - metavis

    Fig. 4. (left) locomotorium person: 1 - skull; 2 - cervical part of spine; 3 - chest; 4 - elbow; 5 - pelvis side (iliac); 6 - thigh

    In the long tubular bones stored bone marrow, providing a blood red and white blood corpuscles. The first are carriers of oxygen. They also evacuated to the outside world carbon dioxide accumulating in the body as a result of metabolism. White blood elements absorb different substances have entered into the bloodstream, and dissolve them.
    Musculoskeletal system includes not only the bones and ligaments, by which the bones are connected and thus joints are formed. Connecting capsules covering these joints, encourage their retention in a stable position.
    Bones and joints are covered with muscles, between which are nerve trunks, lymphatic vessels, main arteries and veins that supply power to the bones and joints. These nerves and vessels have countless number of branches (capillaries and nerve fibers), serving different areas of musculoskeletal system.
    Each of long tubular bone is composed of three parts (Fig. 5). The part of the bone that is addressed in the joint cavity is called the pineal gland; it is covered with cartilage. The epiphysis is connected with metafizik, which has a length of 2-3 cm; the longest part of the bone located between the two metafizare, called the diaphysis. Epiphyseal cartilage is composed of connective tissue of the grid that are cartilage cells (chondrocytes). This brilliant tire epiphysis includes four zones. The first and second fed by synovial fluid, which is in the joint cavity, third and fourth - through capillaries epiphysis bones. Epiphyseal cartilage does not have its own vessels, or his own nerves. Synovium (this is the inner lining of joints, attached on one side to the fibrous capsule, and on the other hand - to the epiphyseal cartilage) provides joint nutrient fluid. Food process cartilage is carried out according to the laws of osmosis and diffusion.
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