Diseases of the nose

Inflammatory diseases (acute and chronic inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose - see Rhinitis). Abscess and acute of perihodit nasal septum occur after damage of the external nose with hemorrhage under the mucous membrane of the nasal septum with the formation of bruises. In the following infection hematoma may form an abscess. Treatment for bruising - re suction blood syringe and dense tamponade of the nose, when the abscess formation - lancing of abscess and tamponade of the nasal cavity. The use of antibiotics faster reverse the development of inflammation. Boils on the tip or the wing of the nose often a manifestation of the General boils. Treatment is conservative: antibiotics, local indifferent ointments, the use of gauze tampons moistened Borovskoy liquid. Provadiya ulcer of nasal septum is developing due to trophic changes of the epithelium and minor injuries. Y working cement and chrome industry.
Sikos nostrils - purulent inflammation of hair follicles located at the entrance to the nose. The causative agent of sycosis - aureus. Treatment: after softening crusts indifferent ointment disinfect the skin 1% salicylic alcohol or use 1-5% emulsion of chloramphenicol. Frequent relapses.
Eczema entry in the nose is a frequent companion of cold, is seen during allergies in children, and also at purulent lesions sinuses. Treatment - restorative means, activities desensitization character, treatment of the underlying disease. Local treatment - remove crusts by introducing into the nose with a cotton swab soaked in olive oil or some indifferent ointment.
Face: an entrance gate infections are cracks and abrasions around the wings of the nose. When distributing faces on the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity on the mouth and larynx develop an acute narrowing of larynx, often requiring a tracheotomy. Treatment - see Face.
Syphilis. Primary syphilis symptoms in the nose are less frequent than in the mouth and on the lips. Chancre is localized mainly at the entrance to the nose, on the wings of the nose and the skin side of the nasal septum. Secondary syphilis occurs in the form of erythema and is accompanied by swelling of the nasal mucosa, and bloody-serous or mucous discharge.
Long and persistent rhinitis in newborns and infants, whose parents suffered from syphilis, suggests syphilis rhinitis (Cozyna Syphilitica)associated with congenital syphilis.
At the tertiary form of syphilis lesions of the nose accompanied syphilis infiltrates, sifelani and products of their decomposition with the formation of deep ulceration and necrosis of the bones with the presence of sequesters. The disintegration of gum in the bony part of the nasal septum is formed large perforated hole and retraction of the bridge of the nose. When bone necrosis appears strong smell from the nose. Treatment - specific. For the treatment of syphilis deformation of the nose can be fixed by rhinoplasty (see).
Tuberculosis nose in the form of infiltration, tumors or ulcers currently, there are extremely rare. Diagnosis is not difficult when other tuberculous lesions. Children reaction Pirke can confirm the diagnosis. Granulomas infiltrates mixed with sarcoma. In such cases, the correct diagnosis establishes a biopsy. Treatment - see Tuberculosis.
Tumor: from benign meet papillomavirus, hemangioma of the nasal septum, fibroids, osteomas, handsome, neurinomas, cysts. Treatment and surgery. From malignant tumors are more common squamous cell cancer, rarely adenocarcinoma. Sarcomas are rare. Melanoma dark brown color, sooner give metastases. Treatment - electrosurgical and radiation.