Resorts Of Bulgaria

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Nature has generously endowed Bulgaria resort wealth. There are balneological, mud, climate medium and high mountain and seaside resorts. The relatively small area occupied by the Republic (111 000 km2)detected about 500 mineral springs variety of physical properties and chemical composition.
Located on the same latitude with an Average Italy and southern France, Bulgaria has a mild, healthy climate and is extremely beautiful and diverse landscapes of the country.
Majestic mountain ranges and picturesque hills covered with lush deciduous-coniferous forests alternate with vast fertile valleys. While in the valleys already roses bloom and green vineyards, in the mountains you can still ski. Slowly and majestically across the North of the country carries its waters blue Danube, and to the East the blue Black sea with its beautiful Golden beaches.
With first-class air lines and seaports (Varna, Bourgas), as well as being on the crossing of important international routes (motorways and railway lines leading from Central and Eastern Europe to the Middle East, Bulgaria readily available, widely visited by foreign visitors annually and is expanding cultural ties with the peoples of other countries. These routes connect it with the nearest neighbors, bordering Romania on the North, by Yugoslavia to the West, Greece and Turkey to the South. With the USSR, Bulgaria is bound by the airline Moscow - Sofia, railway, coming through the Bucharest - Rousse, and by sea from Odessa to Varna (400 km).
Occupying the Eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula, Bulgaria is in South temperate climatic zone, but part of its territory is already experiencing a noticeable influence of the subtropical climate. In General, the climate in Bulgaria is temperate continental. While Western part of the country closer to its climatic conditions for Central European climatic area, North-East falls under the influence of climate Eastern Europe, and in some southern regions, the influence of the Mediterranean. The average annual air temperature +12C, the average temperature of the coldest month (January) +1 degree, and the warmest (July) is +23 degrees. Annual rainfall is about 670 mm, reaching in the highlands of 1000 mm and more. Vertical zoning is clearly affects not only the amount of precipitation, but also on the average annual temperature, which decreases in the highlands to +3 degrees, +4 degrees. Essential to the climatic peculiarities of certain regions of Bulgaria have mountains and mountain ranges, occupying 26,2% of the country. Mountain Balkan - Stara Planina, stretching across the country from West to East, separated Northern Bulgaria, on Average, preventing the penetration of warm air masses from the South to the North. Therefore, in Northern Bulgaria marked a lower temperature. The extreme South and southwest of the country are of the Rila-Rhodope mountain range. Between the Rila-Rhodope massif and the mountains of Stara Planina are middle-mountainous areas of Central Bulgaria, as well as the upper-Thracian lowland, which is the warmest regions of Bulgaria. Despite the fact that Central and South Bulgaria are near the warm Mediterranean sea, its soothing effect damped Rila-Rhodope mountain range. This effect is more noticeable in the valleys of the rivers Struma and Spaces, as well as in South-East Bulgaria, where added softening effect of the Black sea. Under the influence of the Black sea the autumn and winter on the coast is warmer than inland and the spring and the first half of the summer is cooler.
The picturesque mountain plateau and the southern slopes of the Stara Planina are the main balneological resorts in Bulgaria: Rila-Planina, one of the most majestic mountain ranges of the Balkan Peninsula, where the highest peak in Bulgaria - Musala (2925 m), the main mountain resorts as well as ski station and the camp of climbers; in a huge mountain range and inexhaustible ore pantry Bulgarian people Rhodope mountains that its original beauty has captivated poets of ancient Rome Ovid, Virgil and Horace, there is a balneological and mountain resorts.
A significant group of Spa resorts is available in Zabalkansky basins, particularly in Karlovo and Kazanlak, forming the unique beauty of the Valley of the roses. Many resorts in the upper-Thracian lowland - the warm and picturesque lowland part of the country, located between the slopes of the Sredna Gora mountain and Rhodopes. Country of fertility, mother "ronistic sheep and beautiful horses, traveling faster than the speed of the wind," called Homer Thrace - home Spartak.
Healthy and diverse climatic zones, year-round abundance of vegetables and fruit, bright sunshine and luxurious sea beaches, curative mud and a large number of securities in the balneological respect to mineral water sources and other natural resources of the country leads to a good organization in Bulgaria-resort treatment, mass recreation and tourism. The wonderful combination of noble creative efforts of the Bulgarian people with rich gifts of nature is a magnificent complex of coastal resorts, established in recent years on the black sea coast. These resorts would do honor to any great power, and in this respect Bulgaria today is in no way inferior to the countries of the famous international resorts and tourism.
In the capitalistic regime resorts in Bulgaria developed slowly, operated for profit as places of recreation and entertainment bourgeoisie and were inaccessible to broad layers of population. With only 9 September 1944, i.e. since the establishment in Bulgaria people's democratic system, the resort of the country's wealth was transferred for use to the workers. Since then, thanks to the concerns of the people's government and the Communist party of Bulgaria health workers resorts rapidly, systematically and on a scientific basis are developed and are used for treatment and prevention of diseases, in the interests of the Bulgarian people.
At present, in Bulgaria there are 140 resorts and medical areas; 25 of them are the resorts of national significance. Spa resorts in the country has 37, mountain - 53, mud - 4, Primorsko - 10 and mixed - 11. Of the 106 well-studied mineral springs are cold 17, hypothermal -26, thermal -21 and hyperthermal-42. Bulgarian sources are predominantly low-mineralized. The chemical composition of mineral springs in Bulgaria (on the classification of Professor C. A. Alexandrov) are distributed as follows: to the class I - hydrocarbonate waters - are 28 (Velingrad, Knyazhevo, Mihalkovo, Pavel Banya, Hisar, Momina Banya and others), to the class II - chloride waters - 3 (Dolen Chiflik municipality, the World and Shabla), III class - sulfate waters -15 (Momin-Pass, Tuzla, bee, Sapareva Banya and others), to class IV - mixed waters (I-III class) - 57 (in Bankya, Bath Burgas, Gorna Banya, Kyustendil, Narechen, Ovcha Kupel and others), to V class - specific water - 41, including fluorine - 20, silicic acid - 16, iron, iodine, bromine and other biologically active ions and 5 to class VI - gas-water - 19, including carbon - 2, sulfide - 2 and radon - 15.
The rate of mineral springs Bulgaria is very large. This allows you to fully provide unlimited vacation variety of local and General balneological treatment in the resorts and other medical institutions, to organize bottling of mineral water in bottles, as well as to widely use it in open and closed swimming pools.
Description of some of the major resorts on the Bulgarian people's Republic, to some extent reflecting the resort of the country's wealth, we will start with the big resorts, located in close proximity to Sofia - the capital of Bulgaria, in its suburbs.