Hospitals in the USSR

The great October socialist revolution was the beginning of a genuine people's health. Hospitals in the USSR closely linked with the whole system of outpatient care and carry out the synthesis of prophylactic (preventive and curative care. Soviet hospitals take an active part in all the activities for the prevention and elimination of infectious diseases, as well as in the struggle to reduce overall morbidity of the population.
The rapid growth in the number of beds after the great October socialist revolution occurs mainly in the construction of hospitals in new industrial centres, towns and rural areas.
Particularly rapidly hospital network in the national republics.
In urban hospitals are closely connected with the clinics that provide a high level of diagnosis and treatment. The Association of hospitals and clinics was launched in the cities in 1947 and 1949 were installed new nomenclature of medical institutions, the standard categories of hospitals and sample structure according to the number of beds in the hospital.
The nomenclature of the hospital: rural precinct, district (rural and urban), city, oblast (regional, national), the hospital (for the disabled Russian soldiers), psychiatric, tuberculosis, infectious.
By the resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the USSR Council of Ministers (January 1960) "on measures for further improvement of medical care and health protection of the population of the USSR were scheduled wide activities for the development of therapeutic and preventive care in the country, in particular through a significant expansion of hospital and outpatient care. This resolution was determined that in the cities should be built only large Century - 300, 400, 600, 800, 1000 beds or more, while in rural areas - 100, 200 beds, and more. For rural precinct hospitals minimum power was established in 35 beds.
By early 1965, the density of hospital beds to population of the USSR was 10.6 per 1,000 (against 6.5 in 1955). After publication of the Resolution of the CPSU Central Committee and USSR Council of Ministers, improved quality and culture of service to patients in hospitals, increased skills of doctors and nurses.
In stationary medical institutions developed and are widely used modern achievements of honey. science and technology in the field of diagnostics and treatment.
High level of development reached all major specialized treatments.
During the specialized dispensaries (TB, oncological and other) are organized hospitals. This helps to ensure the provision of specialized care to the population directly at dispensaries. Development of residential institutions is characterized by: 1) rapid and widespread deployment of new beds; 2) the consolidation of existing and construction of new, mostly large diversified Century; 3) creation of specialized offices particularly scarce profiles (Oncology, tuberculosis, neurosurgery, urology, pulmonary and cardiovascular surgery and so on).
Great attention was paid to the reorganization of large multi-Republican and regional hospitals in the major centres of specialized honey. care for the rural population. It allowed to increase the average number of bed capacity of Republican and regional hospitals to 460 beds in 1962 against 358 in 1950
These hospitals are equipped with modern diagnostic and medical apparatus, have highly qualified medical personnel.
At the same time expanding regional and district hospitals in the countryside. Special attention is paid to the development of diversified rural district B. Creation of inter-district, and then the Central district B. significantly closer to the rural population qualified specialized honey. help. Over the years, improved health care workers of industrial enterprises, developed the hospital at the medical-sanitary units.
From year to year the number of beds in children's hospitals, the specialization of departments and facilities for children B. modern equipment. An important indicator of the hospital's activities is reducing mortality among hospitalized patients. In 1962, compared to 1955 mortality in urban hospitals from peptic ulcer disease declined by 31%, from cardiosclerosis - by 36%, from vascular lesions of the brain - by 35%, from hypertensive disease of II century by 13%. In hospitals rural areas the mortality for the same years also decreased from 1.2 to 0.9%.