Crazy syndromes

Delusional syndrome is a mental disorder characterized by the emergence of false reasoning - delusions that of the fallacy which patients cannot convince. These disorders tend to progress with the development of the disease. Brad is one of the most typical and common signs of mental illness. The content of delusions can be very different: the delusions of persecution, delirium poisoning, delirium physical impact, delirium damage, delirium charges, delirium of jealousy, hypochondriac delirium, delusions of self-abasement, delusions of grandeur. Very often in various kinds of delirium combined.
Delirium is never the only symptom of mental illness; usually it is combined with depression or manic state, often with hallucinations and pseudohallucinations (see Affective syndromes, Hallucinatory syndromes), numbness (delirious, twilight States). In this regard, usually distinguished delusional syndrome, characterized not only a special form of delirium, but also a distinctive combination of different symptoms of a mental disorder.
Paranoid syndrome characterized by systematic various delusions (inventions, persecution, jealousy, love, Steinem, hypochondriac). Slow development of the syndrome, with a gradual expansion of the circle involved in the nonsense of persons and events, a complex system of evidence.
Not to mention the "sore point" of thinking, behavior patients not found significant violations. In respect of the subject crazy idea patients gullible, not amenable to convince, easy enrolling in the camp of "enemies, persecutors" those who are trying to convince them. Thinking and speech patients with a detailed and their stories about the "persecution" may last for hours, they are difficult to distract. The mood is often somewhat elated, patients optimistic believe he is right, the victory of right cause, but under the adverse influence, from their point of view, the external environment, they can become angry, tense, to make socially dangerous actions. When paranoid Bredova syndrome does not happen hallucinations and pseudohallucinations. It is necessary to distinguish paranoid delusional syndrome from "supervaluable ideas", when the real problem is in the minds of the mentally healthy person excessively large (overvalued) value. Paranoid delusional syndrome is most common in schizophrenia (see), at other mental illnesses (organic brain damage, chronic alcoholism , and others).
Paranoid syndrome is characterized systematized by delusions of persecution, physical influence with hallucinations and pseudohallucinations and phenomena of psychic automatism. Usually patients feel that they are pursued by some organization, whose members follow their actions, thoughts, actions, because I want to disgrace them in the eyes of people or to destroy. "Persecutors" there are special devices emitting electromagnetic waves or atomic energy, hypnosis, driving his thoughts, behavior, mood, activity of internal organs (the phenomena of psychic automatism). Patients say that they take thought, put people's minds, "make" memories, dreams (ideational automatism)that they specifically call unpleasant pain, pain, frequent or slow heartbeat, urination (senestopaticalkie automatism), forced to perform different movements, speak their language (motor automatism). When paranoid Bredova syndrome behavior and thinking patients violated. They stop working, writing numerous statements, demanding to protect them from harassment, themselves often take measures for protection against sunlight, hypnosis (special isolation room service). Fighting against "persecutors", they can perform socially dangerous actions. Paranoid delusional syndrome usually occurs in schizophrenia, rarely with organic diseases Central nervous system (encephalitides, syphilis of the brain and other).
Paraphrenia syndrome is characterized by delusions of persecution, the impact, the phenomena of psychic automatism, combined with the fantastic delusions of grandeur. Patients say that they are great people, gods, leaders, they determine the course of world history and the destiny of the country in which they live. They tell about meetings with many great people (cranky confabulario), incredible things that they were; however, there are ideas of persecution. Criticism, the consciousness of the disease in such patients, are completely absent. Paraphrenia delusional syndrome occurs most often in schizophrenia, rarely in psychosis late age (vascular, atrophic).
Acute paranoid. With this type of crazy syndrome prevails sharp, specific, shaped, sensual delirium of persecution with the emotion of fear, anxiety, confusion. Systematization delusions no, meet affective illusions (see), separate hallucinations. The development of the syndrome is preceded by a period instinctive alarm, anxious wait some trouble with a vague feeling of danger (crazy mood). Later, the patient begins to feel that it want to Rob, kill, destroy his relatives. Crazy ideas volatile, dependent on the external environment. Every gesture, the act others is a delusional idea ("there is a conspiracy, signs, preparing to attack"). Acts of patients defined by the fear, anxiety. They can suddenly run out of the room, leaving the train, bus, seeking protection in the police, but after a short period of calm again begins crazy assess the situation in the police, and its employees accept for "gang members". Usually dramatically disturbed sleep, no appetite. Characterized by a sharp aggravation of delirium in the evening and at night. Therefore, during these periods for patients strengthened supervision. Acute paranoid may occur in a wide variety of mental illness (schizophrenia, alcohol, reactive, toxic, vascular and other psychoses).
Residual brad - delusional disorder, remaining by no longer psychosis, proceeding with numbness. May continue for different time - from several days to several weeks.
Patients with delusional syndrome must be sent to the doctor-psychiatrist in the psychiatric hospital, patients with acute paranoida in the hospital. In the direction necessary to present fairly complete, objective information (with the words relatives, co-workers on the specifics of conduct and statements of the patient.