Calcium (Calcium, CA) is a chemical element of main group II group periodic system of D. I. Mendeleev. Sequence number 20, atomic weight 40,08. Calcium is a permanent part of the body.
In medical practice, use the following drugs calcium: calcium chloride crystal, calcium gluconate, assocaition (see), calcium lactate. Calcium supplements can eliminate violations related to the failure CA++ ions in the body when tetanii, spazmofilii, rickets. They have desensitizing effect and are widely used in the treatment of allergic diseases (serum sickness, urticaria, angioneuroticeski swelling, hay fever and other). Calcium supplements reduce the increased permeability of blood vessels and anti-inflammatory action, which is the basis for their application when hemorrhagic vasculitis, radiation sickness, inflammatory and ekssoudativee processes (pneumonia, pleurisy, adnexitis, endometritis , and other). They are used to treat certain skin diseases (itching, eczema, psoriasis , and so on).
Calcium chloride crystal (Calcium chloratum crystallisatum, Calcii chloridum crystallisatum) used in the form of 5-10% solution inside (5-15 ml 2-3 times a day), and intravenous (5 to 15 ml of 10% solution). When getting the product under the skin causes severe irritation, up to necrosis. Method of production: powder, ampoules to 5-10 ml 10% solution. Calcium gluconate (Calcium gluconicum, Calcii gluconas) assign inside of 2-5 g 2-3 times a day intravenously and intramuscularly in a dose of 5-10 ml 10% solution every day or every other day. Method of production: powder, tablets to 0.5 grams and ml and 10 ml of 10% solution. Calcium lactate (Calcium lacticum, Calcii lactas) assign inside of 0.5-1 g in powder or 5-10% water solution (in hot water) 2-3 times a day.
Calcium supplements are contraindicated in susceptibility to thrombosis, advanced atherosclerosis, high content of calcium in the blood. Calcium carbonate - see Chalk.