Castration - delete sex glands or suppression of their functions with surgery or other methods (hormonal, radiation). If castration made before puberty, then castrated were increased growth of the long bones, formed a small skull with developed jaws and brow. The fellowship between the organs of the endocrine system and is often develops infantilism (see).
Castration of men produce prostate cancer and bilateral tumors of the testes. After castration in a male body marked intensive development of subcutaneous fat, the growth and spread of hair female type, atrophy prostate cancer and decreased libido.
The operation is removal of the testicles is called orchidectomy. Under local anesthesia (procaine) at the top of the scrotum produce seed cordsealing vessels and seed-efferent duct; they were tied up and cross. Highlight the testicle with all skin and appendage and remove. After careful hemostasis the wound is sutured.
Prostate cancer often orchidectomy replaced by removing only the parenchyma of the testicles (enucleation). Cut through all shells, including protein, and testicular tissue is removed thick gauze ball. Albuginea excised or turn out and stitched over appendage. The operating wound tightly sewn. Orchidectomy or the enucleation of the testicles, prostate cancer can be conducted only after a diagnosis after biopsy of the prostate.
Castration women - surgical removal of the ovaries or deep beam therapy in their region, produced under the age of menopause. Surgical castration may be made in the operations of various reasons. When cancer even one ovary recommended to delete both; the exception to this rule may be allowed only in girls. Both ovaries are removed during an extended operation for cancer of the cervix. Operation concerning purulent formations of the uterus (pyosalpinx and BioWare) in connection with large spikes can end with destruction not only pipes, but both ovaries. Surgical castration is some patients with carcinoma of the breast, because this localization cancer is hormone-dependent.
Castration more than half of the women leads to the development of so-called postcastration syndrome, which consists of a series of vasomotor, mental and metabolic disorders. These changes, many are held during the year, approximately 74 patients postcastration syndrome lasts longer terms.
Postcastration syndrome, unlike climacteric neurosis, develops on the background of simultaneous complete shutdown of ovarian function. Clinical symptoms postcastration syndrome are formed from hot flushes to the head, accompanied by sweating and severe weakness, insomnia and others. After castration is often observed obesity.
Treatment postcastration syndrome is shown only with long-term severe forms (frequent and painful "tides"). Prescribe vitamins in combination with hormones in small doses and tranquilizers. In all cases, the treatment is performed by a doctor.
Castration radiation - the suppression of reproductive and hormonal function of sexual glands irradiation of the ovaries in women and the testes in men. Suppression only reproductive ability (radiation sterilization) in the USSR does not apply.
Exposure of women conducted in the first half of the menstrual cycle fractionated method with a focal dose of 700-800 happy. In men, increase the dose to 1500 - 2000 glad.
After radiation castration women hormonal function of the yellow body may be left. Radiation castration shown when dishormonal tumors resulting from disorders of the endocrine organs, malignant tumors of the ovaries, some forms of breast cancer, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, with severe menopause; for men during prostate cancer.