Diseases of the Central nervous system

The main disease of the Central nervous system in athletes is neurosis, which is based on a breakdown of the higher nervous activity, overvoltage main cortical processes (brake or irritable) or impaired mobility. Neuroses are violated also the functional relationships between the bark and the underlying divisions of the brain, which often leads to the breakdown of regulation of activity of internal organs.
Neurosis in athletes is developing, as a rule, due to the high incidence of mental overload. It occurs either when the emotional surge, related, for example, with too frequent appearances in the competition, or, on the contrary, in the long monotonous strenuous exercise is not accompanied by a bright positive emotions. Penetranions is essentially a neurosis. Contribute to the development of neurosis intoxication of chronic infections, sleep deprivation, a combination of intensive mental stress from intense exercise (for example, training in exam session), etc.
Neurosis depending on the mechanism of disorders of the higher nervous activity can have the following forms: neurasthenia, neurosis, obsessions, psychasthenia and hysteria. In athletes neurosis occurs most often in the form of the first three forms, and all of them with timely diagnosis and specific treatment of curable.
In the basis of neurasthenia lays stress excitatory or inhibitory processes or a breach of their mobility. Can be giperstenichesky and hyposthenic form of neurasthenia. At first dominated by the symptoms of increased excitability, irritability. This is manifested, in particular, in the violent reaction to minor comments comrade, judges. For hyposthenic form of neurasthenia characteristic depressed, oppressive mood, indifference to the surrounding world.
In the basis of neurosis, obsessions lies inert center of excitement in the cerebral cortex. The name of this neurosis clearly defines the characteristic clinical picture. Athlete with this form of neurosis pursue dark thoughts, feelings, for example, the inevitable defeat in the competition, the inability to learn new item of equipment, etc. Feature of neurosis, obsessions is that the athlete, as a rule, soberly aware of the illegitimacy of his fears, however, they pursue it as long as there is a neurosis.
Psychasthenia, as hysteria, develops in violation of the relationship between the first and second signal systems, between the functions of the cerebral cortex and cortex, with a predominance of cortex function. These shifts in the higher nervous activity, namely the prevalence of the second signal system, i.e. cortex function, explains the typical features of manifestation of psychasthenia. They are inclined to fruitless discussion and low activity in real life. Psychasthenic more talks about his intentions than their implements. Very typical of psychasthenia uncertainty, indecision, doubt, for any reason, for example: to be or not to take part in competition which way to jump - old or new, etc.
Hysteria is an extreme degree of psychasthenia and, as noted above, is rare in athletes.
Prevention of neuroses is primarily in the reasonable dosage of physical and emotional strain in training, smart and competitive load. Of great importance strict mode of work and rest, especially sleeping, eating. Habitual intoxication (alcohol, nicotine), chronic infections, systematic lack of sleep increases the risk of neurosis.
In athletes develop neurosis, usually subacute, in a few weeks. Making those or other, depending on the form of neurosis, adjustments in sports load (decrease it, the inclusion in the exercise of elements of active rest, more diversity, increase or decrease in emotional training) is usually enough to cure. If no effect requires special treatment by a physician, sometimes longer.