The Church and the city

In prolonged bad weather it was possible to determine precisely which of the officials of the city Council busy office Affairs, and who yet. Before the doors of their rooms were heavy wooden shoes. Without them, the inhabitants of medieval cities did not venture to Wade through the mud unpaved streets.
The townspeople lived between the temple or monastery and castle superior. Clenched walls, earth mounds, deep ditches, city rarely extended.
Rebuild strengthen it was long and expensive, and get away from under their protection in the troubled and war-time no one dared.
On the narrow, winding streets to one another crowded wooden houses with tiny Windows and does not transmit light. In the XV century in the Swiss city of Zurich was only a few stone buildings, mainly churches. For the construction of a huge cathedrals went heavily.
Up to the XVI century in the cities did not exist latrines. Slop, the waste was poured and were thrown on the streets. The sun could not dry stinking puddle. They soaked the ground, falling into wells poisoned drinking water and have been the source of many infectious diseases.
The streets walked pigs and other Pets, multiplying the dirt and stench.
Russian cities was not particularly clean. In the spring of 1699 Peter the first published such a decree: "In Moscow on major streets and lanes that litter and dead things anywhere, against one's own yard." But the Tsar's decree, though, and was threatened with a fine, a little help matters.
The town VII-X centuries are still dead. The city of XIII century already speaks and acts. This is a new body in the society. He joins the struggle for their rights. His first opponent is the Church.
The city tried to force the Church to participate in the General expenses for improvement. But the higher clergy of Paris in 1213 put shame on these "devilish actions for fight inviolable rights of the Church. Sometimes the spiritual master of the city was chosen to open the gate to a gang of robbers, than to agree to the demands of the inhabitants.
The clergy resisted all attempts to change the life of people. It was better to light homes, often to change clothes and sew it from pretty thin fabrics is only pleases the devil destroys the soul. When the citizens were erected a beautiful town hall, the symbol of their independence and architectural rival temples, Church sermons sounded criticism: "what to build palaces for discussion secular Affairs, for the earth's holidays!"