Resorts of Czechia and Slovakia

The Czech Republic and Slovakia is extremely rich in natural healing remedies - mineral springs, deposits of therapeutic muds, scenic areas with very favorable for treatment and rest climate. The number and variety of mineral springs, the Czech Republic and Slovakia occupy one of the first places in Europe. On the territory of the Czech Republic and Slovakia to date have been explored and taken into account more than 900 localities with the presence of natural mineral waters, many of which served as the base for organization now operating in the country resorts.
Most of the resorts in the Czech Republic and Slovakia has a long history, and some of them during this time has become world famous. This includes Karlovy Bars, Marianske Lazne, Podebrady, Frantiskovy Lazne, Institute, Janek Lazne and other
On resorts of Czechia and Slovakia were treated with a great thinker, a brilliant founder of scientific communism K. Marx, was visited by a prominent figures of science and art Goethe, Beethoven, Chopin, A. Rubinstein, 33. Napravnik, N. Century Gogol, I. S. Turgenev, I. A. Goncharov, A. M. Gorky, I. P. Pavlov and others After two stay in Karlovy Bars (in 1711 and 1712,) Peter instructed to seek medical sources in Russia and the experience of European countries to build their resorts.
The Czech Republic and Slovakia are in the East of Europe, the total area of the former Czechoslovakia to 127.9 km2, the population of 14 000 000 people. To the North it borders with the Polish people's Republic, on the South by Hungary and Austria, in the East - with the former USSR, in the North-West, East and South-West Germany. Located in the middle latitudes, it has a mild, temperate continental climate influenced by the air masses coming from the Atlantic. In Slovakia, separated by mountains from Western oceanic air masses, the climate is more continental than in the Czech provinces, located in the West of the country. The average January temperature on the plains of the Republic do not exceed 2 degrees, in an elevated part of the Carpathians and the Czech mountain massif they go down to -4,-7 degrees seats below. The average July temperature in the mountains of the Czech array is +13, +16 degrees in the high parts of the Carpathians +8, +13o, on the Elbe lowlands and lowlands Moravia +18,5, +19,5 degrees in the lowlands Slovakia +20, +21 degrees. The climate difference between the Eastern and Western part of Czechoslovakia most pronounced in southern areas. So, in southern areas of the Eastern part of the country, spring, summer and autumn is warmer and winters colder than in the southern regions, located on the West.
On the most part of Czechoslovakia falls 600-800 mm of rain per year. In the mountains, the Bohemian massif, lying on traffic routes wet South-Western winds,1400 mm, in the Western part of the Carpathians is about 1500 mm In the amount of precipitation ranging from a height of 1000 m, the snow is about 30%, so the snow cover in mountains reaches 2-3 m and keeps about 3 months that facilitate the development of winter sports.
In capitalist Czechoslovakia resorts owned joint stock companies or individual entrepreneurs and operated with profit-making purposes. Privately owned nature resorts had a particularly detrimental effect on their health organization. Wanting to attract the maximum number visokoetazhni customers, owners of resorts primarily focused on ostentatious comfort, the company resorts to all kinds of entertainment and festivities, creating them profitable institutions casino gambling and roulette, to broadcast advertisements that promised healing resorts almost all diseases. Medical services were introduced only in so far as it was responsible for the commercial interests or for reasons of competition, in order not to miss the consumer and the longer they hold it in their treatment. The high cost of travel to resorts and life there, high taxes for staying in the resorts, the taxes for luxury levied in boarding houses, payment expensive balneological procedures and private practitioners excluded the possibility of visiting the resorts workers. So many resorts of the old Czechoslovakia became (as developed now most resorts in all capitalist countries) of treatment places in the places of leisure and entertainments. How profitable were resorts, evidenced by the fact that in the balance of payments of the capitalist Czechoslovakia income from visiting resorts foreigners took the second place after the revenues from the export of metallurgical products.
With the establishment of the Czechoslovak people's democratic regime (February 1948) in the Spa business radical changes have happened: it was rebuilt on a socialist basis. In accordance with the laws on nationalization of the curative springs and spas (1948), about United health care (1951), the Czechoslovak resorts and mineral springs (1955) - resorts were turned into a genuine medical institutions, as transmitted workers and widely possibility of further development in the interests of the people.
To build a resort on a strictly scientific basis, in 1952, was established the research Institute of physiatry, balneology and climatology, the main clinical part of which is in Marianske Lazne, and branch offices in Bratislava and in order Lazne (laboratory for the study of peloids). In Prague, in addition to the Directorate of the Institute, is the clinical Department, the number of classrooms and laboratories. To study special problems, the Institute has organized a number of laboratories and databases at other resorts. The Advisory Council is established, which helps in the work of the Institute and simultaneously performs the functions of the problem Commission of the academic Council of the Ministry of health. To actively participate in the scientific organizations of the Czechoslovak resorts attracted the Czechoslovak Society of doctors of a name of J. E. Purkinje.
The nature of the therapeutic factors of the resorts in the Czech Republic and Slovakia (and there are over 60) are divided into the following groups:
a) balneological, mostly drinking resorts - Karlovy vary, Marianske Lazne, Luhacovice, Korytnica and others;
b) the resorts with carbonate water - Podebrady, and Sliac Spa, Konstantinovy Lazne, on the edge of Studnicka, Libverda and others;
C) radioactive resorts - Jachymov, Teplice in the Czech Republic and others;
g) the resorts with low-mineralized thermal springs (acratothermal) - the Janske Lazne, Bojnice, Rajecke Teplice and others;
d) sulphur baths - Institute, trenchanske Teplice and others;
e) the resorts with iodine and bromine mineral springs - darks, Chizh and other;
W) mud spas - Frantiskovy Lazne, Bohdanec and others;
C) climatic health resorts, including high-mountain climatic stations in the High Tatras - Strbske Pleso, the highest Eider, Novy Smokovec, Tatranska Lomnica, Polyanka; mid mountain climatic stations - Jesenik, Dolni Lipova and other

Reception and service of foreign tourists in the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic was carried out by "Cedok". This large organization had its own network of comfortable hotels and restaurants, which are located in major cities and on the best resorts of the country, had a convenient sightseeing transportation, interpreters, guides and provided service to its guests at the highest level.