The black sea coast of the Caucasus

Black sea coast of Caucasus - the coastline of the Black sea coast from Anapa to Batumi, including a group of resorts, holiday villages and therapeutic areas of Krasnodar region, Abkhazia, and Ajaria. The band is limited from the West by the Black sea, and from North and East Caucasian mountain range and its spurs. Its length is 700 km, the narrowest place in Novorossiysk and Kabardinka; to the North and the South strip is expanding, reaching in Anapa district, 40 km and around Sochi - 60 km Height of the Main Caucasian ridge already Tuapse exceeds 1500 m, in the district of Sochi - 3000 m, and then in Sukhumi rises up to 4000 m, falling then South over the Suram ridge (1000 m) and again increases up to 2000 m in the area of the Batumi (Adjara mountains).
The coastal landscape variety. Thanks to the unique geographical situation of the black sea coast of Caucasus is divided into two major climatic zones: North - from Anapa to Tuapse with features moderately warm Mediterranean climate and the southern - from Tuapse to Batumi with humid subtropical climate. Both areas (especially the North) rich sun. The number of hours of sunshine varies from 2400 in Gelendzhik until 1930 in Sochi and Batumi. Protection against impacts continental climate (better in the southern part of the black sea coast of the Caucasus) and the influence of the warm sea are beneficial to the natural conditions of these areas, specifically different in different seasons of the year. Winter is mild with absolute predominance of non-frosty weather (average monthly temperature of the coldest month is above 0 deg, reaching 1-6 degrees). In the area between Novorossiysk and Tuapse streams of cold air, breaking through the mountains, can cause serious and sometimes hurricane winds (boron), a sharp lower temperatures, heavy snowfalls, a great tempest in the sea, glaciation.
Thanks to well-developed sea features of climate interdiurnal variability and daily fluctuations of temperature of air in winter is insignificant.
During the entire warm period conditions for various forms of climate treatment and, in particular, aerotherapy is very favorable.
In June and October in the Northern part of the coast equivalent-effective temperature (AAT) is less than 16 degrees. On the South black sea coast of the Caucasus in July and August, there are cases (15%)when heat is above 23 degrees, leading to a state of thermal overheating, which requires increased ventilation of Aero tanning beds. The latter is especially necessary when heliotherapy in okolopoludennye hours when thermal sense of largely determined by extensive exposure to solar radiation, equivalent increase eat 4-6'c.
Conditions thalassotherapy centres on the black sea coast of the Caucasus is very favorable especially from July to September. During this period, the frequency of occurrence of meteorological complexes characterizing comfortable conditions of sea bathing, when the water temperature is above 20 degrees and the sea does not exceed 3 points, everywhere is 80%.
In October, the frequency of such complexes, the most significant only in the most southern resorts (Sukhumi and Batumi resort area), where it is over 50%. However, the possibility of thalassotherapy here a few fall passing cyclones.
A large amount of precipitation, a significant number of swamps of Colchis, and continuous impact of evaporation from the sea cause high humidity in the summer on the South black sea coast of the Caucasus. In combination with high temperature this leads to the frequent formation of humid tropical weather that is one of the typical features of the climate is humid subtropical. Being very hot and very wet, causing a feeling of closeness and hinders evaporation of sweat from the skin of the person, the weather is adverse for a number of diseases. In General climatic conditions of the black sea coast of Caucasus is favorable for climatotherapy in all year round.


On the black sea coast of Caucasus is a large group seaside resorts, mainly climatic. With the exception of Sochi and Sukhumi, which due to the presence of mineral springs are balneological health. Below is a brief description of the main resorts of the black sea coast of the Caucasus and Abkhazia from Anapa to Batumi.
On the territory of Krasnodar region are the following resorts.
Anapa - seaside mud and climatic foothill, mainly children's resort of the Mediterranean type, on the northeastern coast of Anapa Bay of the Black sea, 52 km from Novorossiysk and 33 km from J.-DST Tunnel of the North-Caucasian railway. D. Summers are very warm, dry, with a large number of Sunny days (July 23). Winters are mild (January 1 degree), short, windy, with a strong Nord-OST standards. The number of hours of sunshine per year 2400. Annual precipitation is 420 mm Gold beach with a rare clean fine sand. Widely used euroelitestroy, mud therapy. The resort is a large number of children's health centers, pioneer camps, large resort polyclinic, and a balneary, rest houses, boarding houses, hotels.
Indications: diseases of respiratory organs of not tubercular character, functional diseases of nervous system, anemia, consequences of poliomyelitis and diseases that require treatment (of movement and support, peripheral nervous system, gynecological).
Kabardinka - seaside climatic foothill resort of the Mediterranean type, 14 km from Gelendzhik and 23 km from Novorossiysk. Summer is very warm (August 24th), lots of sun, winters are mild (January 3 degrees), but there are Nord-OST standards, in which temperature decreases dramatically. Beach, sea bathing, botryotherapy. There are sanatoriums for children and adolescents, rest homes.
Indications: diseases of respiratory organs of not tubercular character and functional diseases of nervous system; tuberculosis of the lungs (for the children sanatorium).
Gelendzhik is a seaside climatic foothill resort of the Mediterranean type, 43 km South of Novorossiysk. Resort area occupies the entire coast of the beautiful oval or almost closed Gelendzhik Bay, including Thin Cape (Solncedar) and a Thick Cape. Winter is very mild (Feb 4th), the summer is warm (August 24th) with a large frequency of occurrence of the hot weather. Fall significantly warmer than spring. Precipitation is 800 mm per year, most of it falls in winter period. The duration of sunshine is about 2400 hours per year. In winter frequent Nord-OST standards. The best in the climate and landscape area of Gelendzhik - Thin Cape (Solncedar). Sea breezes, freely passing through Cape, significantly moderate the heat of the day, always keeping the purity and freshness of the air. Here are concentrated the tuberculosis sanatorium, including children kostnotuberkuleznyj. Convenient for bathing beaches are mostly on Thin Cape. The main therapeutic agents: climatotherapy and sea bathing. In some health centers are used mud. The resort a lot of sanatoriums, rest homes, resorts, resort polyclinic.
Indications: tuberculosis of the lungs, bones, joints and glands (for tuberculosis sanatoriums); diseases of respiratory organs of not tubercular character, functional diseases of nervous system, cardiovascular diseases of circulatory failure is not above IIA extent, obesity, podagra, anaemia. In sanatoriums with mud baths, - associated diseases of the peripheral nervous system, organs of movement and gynecology.
Part of resort area of Gelendzhik also includes the following resorts: False Gelendzhik - a small resort village, 12 km from Gelendzhik. Climatic conditions are the same as in Gelendzhik, but due to the high mountain ridge action Nord-frame weaker. The beach is wide and 18 meters holiday Home.
Dzhankhot - 15 km South of False Gelendzhik. Rich vegetation. Pine forest (more than 100 ha) and wide beach. Holiday home.
Arhipo-Osipovka - holiday village, 60 km South of Gelendzhik, with convenient beach. The surroundings and the slopes are covered with rich vegetation. Sanatorium for patients with functional diseases of nervous system and diseases of respiratory organs of not tubercular character.
Dzhubga - climatic seaside resort and the village, in 77 km to the North-Zap. Tuapse. The sandy beach. Holiday home.
Novo-Mikhailovskoye climatic seaside resort and the village, 53 kilometers North-Zap. Tuapse, with a sandy beach. Large sanatorium pioneer camp of the RSFSR "Orlyonok".
Nebug - climatic seaside resort, 27 km North Zap. Tuapse. The climate and nature of humid subtropics. The beach of fine run pebbles. Sanatoriums and rest homes.
Golovinka climatic seaside resort, 49 km from Tuapse and 31 km from the village of Lazarevskoe. The climate is humid subtropical. The beach of fine, well weathered pebbles. Sanatorium for patients with functional diseases of nervous system and respiratory tract.
Sochi - see Sochi.
On the territory of Abkhazia are the resorts.
Leselidze - climatic seaside resort, 14 km North of Gagra and 48 km from Sochi. Climate and vegetation in humid subtropics. Sea bathing. Rest homes and children's sanatorium.
Gagra - seaside climatic foothill resort of humid subtropics, 60 km from Sochi and 80 km from Sukhumi. Occupies a narrow coastal strip of the Black sea and the nearest slopes steeply down to the sea Gagra range. The mountain slopes are covered with dense forest and cut canyons, which descend to the sea mountain river. Summer is very warm (August 23') with predominantly Sunny weather, winters are mild (January 6th). Autumn is warmer than spring-annual Precipitation falls 1410 mm In July and August at the big humidity stuffy. Sea bathing from may to October, and sometimes up to half of November. In Gagra a lot of sanatoriums, boarding houses, holiday homes, resort polyclinic.
Indications: functional diseases of nervous system, diseases of cardiovascular system with circulatory failure is not more than II And degree of respiratory organs of not tubercular character, metabolic disorders (obesity, gout), anemia.
Myussera - seaside climatic resort in the Gudauta district, 22 km from Gagra and 10 km from Pitsunda Cape, in the valley of R. Myussera. Climate and vegetation in humid subtropics. The fine-sandy beach, gently sloping sea bottom, convenient for bathing. In Myussera in winter warmer in comparison with other resorts of Abkhazia.
Pitsunda - climatic seaside resort on the far out to sea Pitsunda Cape, 20 km South from Gagra. The climate is humid subtropical. Solid pine grove stretches tape along the coast. Large holiday, villas and chalets. Sandy-pebble beach.
Gudauta - seaside foothill resort of humid subtropics, 37 km from Sukhumi and 43 km from Gagra. The climate is similar to the climate of Sukhumi (see below), but a little cold. Sea bathing from may to October. Sanatoriums and rest homes. Indications are the same as for the resort of Gagra.
New Athos (Akhal-of Athos) - climatic foothill seaside resort, 28 km to the North.-Zap. from Sukhumi and 62 of them from Gagra. The climate is humid subtropical. Is located in a narrow coastal valley terraces formed the nearest mountains. Summer is warm (August 24th), winter is mild (January 6th). The best time of year is autumn. Sea bathing continue from may to October. Sanatoriums, rest homes and resort polyclinic. Indications are the same as for Gagra.
Sukhumi - balneological health seaside resort in the subtropical zone, in the depths of the vast Bay of the Black sea. Summer is very warm (August 24th) and humid in July and August stuffy, talaverano. Winter is very mild (January 6th), Sunny, with high rainfall. The best time of year is autumn. The number of hours of sunshine per year 2240. For the year rainfall of about 1460 mm In recent years in Sukhumi inferred mineral springs of various chemical composition: drilling № 1 with nitrogen-thermal (42 degrees) sulphate-chloride, sodium-calcium water with mineralization of 1.6 g/l; rig № 2 with labouratories methane chloride sodium water with mineralization 15 g/l and temperature 29 degrees; drilling №3 with methane-nitrogen chloride sodium water with mineralization of 10.5 g/l and temperature of 26 degrees; drilling № 4 with nitrogen sulphate-chloride-hydrocarbonate sodium water with mineralization of 1.27 g/l and temperature of 39 degrees. The water is mainly in the form of baths. In Sukhumi is the Georgian branch of the Institute of balneology and physiotherapy, a number of sanatoriums, rest homes, boarding houses and resort polyclinic.
Indications are the same as for Gagra, as well as diseases of movement organs of not tubercular character, peripheral nervous system and gynecological.
Gulripshi resort, situated 9 km from Sukhumi and 3 km from the sea at a height of 120 W. The climate is similar to the climate of Sukhumi. Large sanatorium for patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis.
On the territory of Adjara Autonomous Republic are the resorts: Makhijani, Green Cape, Cicis-Jiri, Kobuleti (see Batumi resort area).