Chondromatosis is a chronic disease, such as the preservation or development of centres of cartilage in unnatural for them sites of bone and joint system. There are chondromatosis bones and chondroiton joints.
Chondromatosis bones (synonym: dyschondroplasia, the disease Ollie) - congenital disease associated with the violation of turning cartilaginous skeleton in the bone. Are involved in pathological process not all bones, and only some of them. Most often affects the tibia, femur, rarely shoulder and other tubular bones. Incorrect process of ossification as child development leads to a slowdown in the growth of bones in length and bone deformities. The defeat bones at chondromatosis in most cases, asymmetrical. Signs of increasing of chondromatosis bones usually ends after the termination of skeletal growth. Clinically observed shortening and thickening of the affected limbs, mild pain, varus and valgus deformities of lower limbs, change of gait, lameness. Chest x-ray of the affected bone is found their shortening, deformation, as well as areas where there is no bone structure and on the background of prosvetlenie visible inclusions lime. The forecast is favorable for life, but it is possible malignant regeneration and development of chondrosarcoma. With significant disfigurement and function violations resort to surgical treatment.
Chondromatosis joints is a disease of unknown etiology that is associated with the development of cartilage nodes in the thickness of the synovial membrane of the articular capsule. The disease is more common in middle-aged and elderly age, flows chronically over many years with the constant increase of symptoms. Usually attacked one joint: the elbow, knee, rarely hip, wrist or ankle. Nodes can be in different shape and size, from several millimeters to several centimeters, and their number may even be several hundred. Being separated from the synovial membrane, cartilage site turns into intra-articular free body. Appearing after this infringement of the body may be the first sign of the disease. But even with the large number of cartilage sites patient complains of moderate pain and limited mobility in the joint. During examination can reveal swelling and crunch in the joint, as well as signs of infringement of intra-articular free body. In the case of calcification cartilage sites they are clearly visible on x-rays in the form of additional bone formations are round or oval in shape, located in the cavity of the joint. The immediate danger to the lives of the disease is not.
Operative treatment. Remove intraarticular available body, and sometimes the affected part of the synovial lining of the joint.