Cirrhosis - intensive sclerosis parenchymal organ (liver, kidneys, lungs and other) with his seal, the reduction of size and expressed deformation. The overwhelming majority of cirrhosis is the development of necrosis and subsequent replacement of their connective tissue and the simultaneous development of centres of regeneration parenchyma. Cirrhosis develops in violation of blood circulation in the body, toxic effects, and in the outcome of degenerative and inflammatory processes. On the place of the dead parenchyma arise scar retraction, preserved in the parenchyma is regeneration (see) with the formation of knots-regenerates. The body is usually reduced in size, becomes dense, and its surface is uneven hilly.
Cm. also Sclerosis.

Cirrhosis (from the Greek. kirros - ocher-yellow) - the growth of connective tissue in parenchymatous organs at various pathological processes (inflammation, death parenchyma due to toxic effects, circulatory disorders, and so on). Originally the term cirrhosis was only applied to the liver, which in these cases acquires ocher-yellow tint. Currently, the term cirrhosis (see Cirrhosis) has a slightly different meaning.
Cirrhosis may arise in other parenchymatous organs. They shrink and condense. So this kind of defeat equally often called and cirrhosis, and sclerosis (for example, nephrosclerosis, pneumosclerosis, cardiosclerosis). Cm. also Sclerosis.