Prevention of chronic hepatitis and liver cirrhosis

Prevention of chronic hepatitis and liver cirrhosis is carried out in following directions: 1) the removal or limitation of the scope of the etiological factors; 2) early detection and treatment of pathological conditions, progression which threatens the development of cirrhosis; 3) implementation of measures aimed at halting the progression of already existing diseases and the prevention of possible complications. The last trend is organically combined with treatment of liver cirrhosis.
Among the events of the first direction, taking into account the specific weight of different reasons in the development of liver cirrhosis, the priority must be given to preventing the spread of the epidemic hepatitis and its outcome in chronic. It is essential elimination of causes of endogenous and exogenous to malnutrition. These include the fight against alcoholism, the provision of efficient and balanced nutrition, measures to eliminate intestinal diseases (chronic colitis, enteritis and other).
Attention should also be directed at eliminating domestic and industrial intoxication. In particular, the increase in the number of liver diseases caused by drugs, requires extensive outreach and events that prohibits taking several medications without doctor. Considerable importance is the prevention of diseases of the biliary tract.
For early recognition and treatment of chronic progressive disease of the liver leading importance of a well-staged medical examination and first of all people who have had an epidemic hepatitis. However, observation only for such persons are not enough to solve the problem. Must there always be wary of doctors in relation to the detection of chronic diseases of the liver, with preventive and other kinds of examinations. All persons who are diagnosed with liver enlargement of unknown origin, should be subjected to detailed study to exclude chronic progressive disease of the liver. In all cases where it is identified or reasonably suspected, patients should be placed in the hospital for a detailed examination and treatment. On leaving the hospital the patient should be carefully observed in outpatient conditions with the active intervention of a doctor in respect of mode of life, work, nutrition, behavior and treatment aimed at prevention of exacerbation.