Chemical and hormonal contraceptives

Chemical contraceptives is injected into the vagina before sexual intercourse to paralyze the functioning of sperm.
Chemical contraceptives can be applied as solutions for douching, vaginal balls pills (oral contraceptives), pastes. From solutions most often used vinegar (1/2 teaspoon per glass of water), sulphate zinc (2-2,5% solution), boric acid (1 teaspoon per glass of water), citric acid (1 tablespoon per Cup of water) and other Vaginal balls are convenient portable form of contraception. Prepare such balls in butter cocoa or gelatin. The main spermatocytes means for preparation of balls is quinine. Industry produces ready balls "contraception". In the form of tablets produce nikolaty, which includes nicotinic acid and foaming mixture; geliebten, consisting of Halocarbon and foam mixture. Paste using a mixture of glycerin, boric acid and tanninand gramicidin. A single dose of pasta (5-6 g) enter the vagina for 3-5 minutes before sexual intercourse with the help of a special syringe (figure, 5).
Successful is the combination of mechanical and chemical contraceptives. Can be recommended for introduction into the vagina before sexual intercourse with a cotton tampons and pads (Fig., 6)impregnated by one of the above spermatocytes substances.
In recent years, developed and offered the use of hormonal contraception - metrolan, enovid, infecund etc. They belong to the category of synthetic progestins, i.e. drugs that are close to the progesterone, with the addition of estrogen. Release them in tablet form for oral administration. The contraceptive effect is explained by the ability to inhibit ovulation. A prerequisite is a daily single dose tablet for 21 days, from the 5th to 25th day of the menstrual cycle; after 6-7 days, during which passes menstruation, start a new course in the same sequence. After 6 months of the need to spend 2-3 months break. After the termination of reception of synthetic progestins pregnancy can occur freely. Use of hormonal contraceptives on doctor's prescription.
Contraindications to the use is a violation of ovarian function and common endocrine diseases.
The correct use of contraceptives, wide sanitary and educational activities contribute to the preservation of the health of women and protect it from unwanted pregnancy, abortion and its harmful effects.

Chemicals have spermatotsydnoe activity detrimental effect on sperm. Applied in the form of balls, pellets, cylinders, pastes, creams, powders and solutions. Vaginal balls are prepared on gelatin and a fatty basis. They contain boron (0.1-0.3 g), dairy (0.15 g) acids, hinozol (0.03 g), hydrochloric acid quinine (0.3 g) and some other substances. Enter the vagina for 15-5 minutes before sexual intercourse. Store in a cool place. Vaginal balls should not be used during breaks perineum muscles and the pelvic floor, the omissions of the vaginal walls (irritation of the wound surface and mucous membranes).
Extensive use of contratseptin T - combined preparation containing hinozol (0.03 g), boric acid (0.3 g), tannin (0.06 g) and a fatty basis (1,46 g).
Available in boxes of 10 pcs. in the form of compressed from sides cones brownish-yellow color. Melts at 36-38 degrees; does not irritate mucous membranes, has antiseptic and spermatotoxicity action. Enter contratseptin T deeply into the vagina for 5-6 minutes before sexual intercourse. The efficiency is 96-98%.
Easy to use and has low toxicity, does not irritate mucous membranes of luteolin - alkaloid from a rhizome of a jug yellow. Available in the form of balls and foaming tablets containing 3 mg hydrochloric salt of an alkaloid. Is introduced into the vagina for 5-10 minutes before sexual intercourse. Foaming tablets before applying moisten with water.
From pastes the most effective (97-98%) of gramicidin - the dense mass of white, easily washed away by water, odorless and not soiling linen. Inserted into the vagina of the woman in the squatting position or lying by means of a special syringe tip into which enter 5-6 g of pasta. After applying the syringe tip thoroughly washed with bleach. Pasta has a disinfectant, protivoprotosana and anti-inflammatory action.
As contraceptives also used spermaescort, antipirin, nitrofurans.
Chemical contraceptives use and warm vaginal douching with breast, boric, acetic acid, potassium permanganate and other drugs (see Vaginal douching).
Contraceptives may be also entered into the vagina using a cotton swab, which is impregnated with pharmaceutical substances or put gramicidin pasta. The swab was removed from the vagina immediately or within a few hours of sexual intercourse. A. L. Kaplan recommends that after intercourse to enter another tampon moistened with the same drug, and remove both the swab in a few hours, then make a douche.

Hormonal drugs - pill sold under different names and applied oral, consist of highly active synthetic estrogen (ethinyl estradiol and mestranol) and Progestogens (norethynodrel, magistralnya and others) in different combinations and doses.
Taking pills everyday with the 5th but 24-25-th day of the menstrual cycle leads to the suppression of the pituitary secretion of the gonadotropins, and therefore ovulation in the ovaries does not occur. Regular reception of tablets guarantees 100% protection from conception. Upon termination of the use of hormonal pills function of the pituitary and ovarian restored in the first 1-2 months. Noted that women with defective ovulation before taking hormonal contraceptives ovarian function after their application improves. In this regard, recently hormonal pills is used as a therapeutic agent in sterility.
Contraindications to the reception tablets: 1) the presence of a benign or malignant tumor entities; 2) liver disease, especially hereditary nature; 3) thromboembolic disease; 4) feeding of the child (lactation is suppressed).
Allergic diseases (bronchial asthma, eczema and other), as well as in epilepsy pills hormonal contraceptives sometimes worsens throughout the process.
Possible complications when taken tablets: 1) nausea and vomiting (about 1096) in the first days or the first month of use; intolerance is rarely observed; 2) the emergence of intermenstrual bleeding (in this case the dose should be increased by 1-2 cycle); 3) inhibition or enhancement libido (state can be controlled by changing the dose of components forming part of a tablet).
Recommended every 2 - 3 years to change the appearance of the hormonal contraceptive pills.