Coriander seed

Coriander seed, cisnes - Coriandrum sativum L.
The Family Umbrella - Apiaceae Lindl.
coriander seed
The generic name comes from the Greek word "coris" - "bug". The smell of the unripe fruit at grinding like the smell of bug. This is a grassy plant with a branchy stalk, height 50-90 see the Lower leaves sit on long petioles, tripartite, serrate along the edge, top - Perestoronina on linear share.
Multibeam umbrellas coriander are located on tops of branches. Flowers are numerous, Corolla is white or slightly pink. The fruit is globose, disintegrating on preplogic clearly protruding ribs. Fruits large diameter were in the Central umbrellas, less on the shoots of the third order. Larger fruits contain a higher percentage of essential oils.
Best dates of sowing of spring, the second half of March or the first half of April.
Coriander a long time, with the fruits of essential oils.
Motherland - The Mediterranean. Cultivated in almost all countries. The main producing countries: the USSR, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Czechoslovakia, Morocco, Guatemala, Mexico and USA.
The number of essential oils depends on the phase of development and ripeness of the fruit. It is established that in green fruits contain a small percentage of oil, and in the phase of brown fruit - max. Color essential oil is also determined by the ripeness of the fruit; the oil from the green fruit is colorless or yellowish, and brown and dark brown. Coriander fruit used in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
The oil used in the food, perfume and soap industry. Fruits are used in confectionery, baking, marinades, when canned fish products, etc.
Fruits are found steroid saponins