Cryotherapy - cold treatment. Can be used as a moderate, not the calling of freezing, cooling the skin of any part of the body to temporarily relieve pain (for example, the use of cold with the injuries, fractures of extremities and other), as well as for the destruction of pathologically changed tissues, such as benign skin tumors (papillomas, superficial hemangiomas). Tissue destruction (Ciocarlia) can be achieved using cryocautery - a small metal tube filled with crystalline carbon dioxide. Tissue defects, formed after the destruction of the cold, quickly healed. In ophthalmology with special cryoinstruments produce cryocoagulation with retinal detachment, delete (crioextraction) cataract and other

Cryotherapy in the full sense of this word can be called any form of prevention and treatment of diseases with the help of cold. But today it is accepted to understand cryotherapy more narrowly: as existing in medical practice methods and ways of using low-temperature thermal effects on the health of the person in the medical and preventive purposes.
Under General cryotherapy it is understood effects on the body in General. Under the local on its separate sectors.
Cryotherapy is in some sense a fashionable area of medicine, its efficiency is demanded in an increasing number of clinics. Furthermore, the list of health problems, which aims to fight cryotherapy, is also constantly growing.
General cryotherapy generally held in criocabin, which is also called "kriosauna" and "kriomassage". In them is served liquid nitrogen, volatile when confronted with air and saturating it with their pairs, forming a dry cold, up to-60C With either -120°With degrees, depending on the technology and objectives of the session. Stay in such booths lasts no more than a few minutes, because, first, more to expose the body to extreme cold and not necessary, and secondly - saturated vapors of nitrogen harmful air for breathing. Therefore at session of the cryotherapy provides for the protection of respiratory organs of the patient.
As for the previously used liquid air, then he currently prohibited in Russia and Europe due to its high fire risk.
A separate type of the cryotherapy is a method of formation of cold environments as Giovanna with ice water or nitrogen mixture (temperature in the latter case can reach -180 C).
As for local cryotherapy, it is carried out both through cryogenic installations or cryopreservation bag, and with the help dipped in liquid nitrogen tampons, cold icy or electric compresses, cold water and some other tools.
The effectiveness of cryotherapy is explained by exposure to cold: even if the local application of the method of "shaken" receives the entire body. Blood flows faster speeds up the metabolism, produced a number of useful hormones, activates brain activity while going detoxification, that is, the cleansing of the body. In the therapeutic ratio of the primary importance of positive dynamics of exchange processes and associated changes.
The most obvious and well-known are cosmetic and analgesic effects.
The popularity of cryotherapy as a means of combating cellulite, "orange peels", warts, wrinkles, scars, swelling, bruises, and so on - this is a consequence of its cosmetic effect. Analgesic effect is not so clear. In cases when cryotherapy generally promotes vitality and regeneration of cells and tissues in a particular area of the body, it is used in various branches of medicine as a therapeutic and rehabilitation. But when that is known at least a temporary effect of cryotherapy on the state relief of cancer patients, persons suffering from psoriasis, autoimmune rheumatic diseases, osteochondrosis and other diseases, professionals have resorted to this method carefully. This is because, in General, poorly understood possible consequences of the use of extreme cold to the nature of the flow of serious diseases.
It is worth mentioning contraindications. For obvious reasons, cryotherapy is not recommended for pregnant and nursing women, small children and persons lacking weight. And due to the effect from the effects of cold on the blood flow and metabolism, it is also undesirable to patients with high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, hemorrhagic diathesis, with the active stage of tuberculosis.
At the same time, quite promising is the use of cryotherapy for the prevention of depression. Including during menopause in women, as well as, for example, to combat insomnia. In affected dosed to the effects of cold body actively produces endorphins - the hormones of joy", a series of sessions reinforces this effect.
In any case, as a special measure in various medical courses, and as a cosmetic procedure, cryotherapy is an effective and justified. You only need to consider that a single treatment or session is not enough, therefore, often have consistently pursued a cycle of 10-15 "cooling measures. The cost of such course in cosmetology, for example, quite comparable with regular use of the Solarium, but much more useful than the last.