Copper

Copper (Cuprum, si) is a chemical element of the first group of the periodic system of elements of D. I. Mendeleyev. Ever since. 29, atomic weight 63,546, valence +2, +1, density 8,9; temperature melting 1083 degrees. In the body of copper is associated with the protein state. Most rich in copper liver. Copper compounds with astringent and bacteriostatic action, used in medicine. Poisoning compounds of copper - see Poisoning, table.
Drugs copper. Copper sulphate (Cupri sulfas, Cuprum sulfuricum; synonym copper sulphate) is used as astringent and antiseptic (see) in the treatment of conjunctivitis in the form of eye drops (0.25% solution), and also for burning with trachoma in the form of eye pencils (an alloy of copper sulphate, potassium nitrate, alum and camphor). Weak solutions of 0.25 - 0.5%) is used in the treatment of acute inflammatory diseases of the skin. Burns phosphorus produce abundant wetting burnt section 5% solution of copper sulphate. In cases of poisoning white phosphorus taken inside, assign inside 0.3-0.5 g of copper sulfate in 1/2 cups of water and washed stomach 0.1% solution. 0,25-0,5% solutions used for lotions, washings with urethritis, douches. The highest single dose of 0.5 g (one - emetic).
Citrate copper (Cupri citras, Cuprum citricum; synonym copper citrate) used in the form of eye ointments (1-5%) with trachoma and conjunctivitis. For the treatment of trachoma also use the ointment oftalmol (Ophthalmolum)containing 5 parts citrate copper, 6 parts of lanolin anhydrous and 89 parts of vaseline.

Copper (Cuprum, Cu) is a chemical element of group I of the periodic system of D. I. Mendeleev. Ever since. 29, at. weight 63,54. Valence positive, usually 2 or 1. Contains minerals [native copper, cuprite Cu2O, copper Shine Cu2S, malachite Cu2CO3(OH)2]in the water (in the form of ions), living organisms and soil. UD. weight 8,9, temperature PL 1083 degrees. M has a very high thermal and electrical conductivity, and is widely used in the technique, often with zinc alloys (brass) and tin (bronze). Reacting sulfuric acid, M gives copper sulphate (CuSO4), crystallized from water in the form of copper sulphate (formula CuSO4·5H2O). There are two chloride copper: yellow CuCl2 and colorless CuCl. In the body M mainly associated with the protein (ceruloplasmin and gematurii blood, respiratory enzyme cytochrome oxidase and others). Most rich M liver (5 mg/kg of body weight; this changes in liver diseases). Some molluscs, crustaceans and spiders found megarotic hemocyanin that perform the function of the transport of oxygen, like hemoglobin higher animals. See also Microelements.
Drugs copper. Preparations containing salt copper, possess astringent, bacteriostatic and fungistatic action, which is usually expressed more than bacteriostatic (however wide practical application in medicine this side of actions M not found). Elementary M has little oligodynamic effect.
Copper sulphate (Cuprum sulfuricum; synonym copper sulphate) is used as astringent and antiseptic funds in the form of eye drops (0,25%) with conjunctivitis, and also as eye pencils for the treatment of trachoma. It is used when phosphorus burns skin (the affected areas ml 5% solution of sulfuric acid Meters; this is insoluble education airtight M. and partial recovery of sulfate PM in the unit that forms on the surface of particles phosphorus film). In case of poisoning white phosphorus taken inside, washed stomach 0.1% solution sulfate PM or designate him inside the amount of 0.3-0.5 g 1/2 Cup water. Sometimes sulfate M is used as an emetic agent (10-30 ml of 1% solution inside). The highest single dose for adults - 0.5,
Citrate copper (Cuprum citricum) apply a 1 - 5% eye ointment with trachoma and conjunctivitis. He is a member of oftalmol (ointment containing 5 hours citrate copper, 6 hours anhydrous lanolin and 89 hours of vaseline)used for the treatment of trachoma.