Cytology is one of the sections of histology, engaged in the study of the structure, function and development of the cell. The subject of Cytology is the study of morphology (microscopic, submicroscopic), physiology, biochemistry and Biophysics of the cell (see) and of its individual components. Wide application of various cytochemical and other methods used by Cytology, revealed a lot of new things in the laws of cell activity, which is of great importance for medicine, especially in pathology, medical genetics, Oncology, etc.
Cm. also, Biology, Molecular biology.