The dope ordinary

the dope ordinary
Fig. 19. The dope ordinary.

The dope ordinary - Datura stramonium L.
Family Solanaceae - Solanaceae Pers.
The generic name comes from the Arabic "tatora" (tat-chop), which characterizes kolyuchesti fruits.
The dope ordinary - a fairly well-known poisonous plant. The stalk him grassy, fork, naked, 50-80 cm tall.
Leaves alternate, ovoid in shape, on the edges vyemchato-gear. Flowers sitting in the crotch of one stalk. They are quite large, funnel-shaped form, with petiolatum contour, each of which ends with the scars. Calyx pentahedral and like halo, gears. The fruit is a box with many thorns, opening leaves.
Seeds are sown in April, as required for germination well-heated soil; shoots appear in 8-15 days. In the period of development for the plant at the same time you can meet shoots with fruits, flowers and buds. The seeds should be collected carefully as sharp thorns fruits could hurt your hand. The collection must be carried out only by workers pharmacies with special training.
This species occurs on weed places, near habitations, on kitchen gardens in the southern and middle areas of the European part of the USSR, the Baltic States, in the Crimea and in the Caucasus, in the southern areas of Central Asia.
In all parts of the plant contains alkaloids. Medical raw materials are the leaves are harvested starting with the phase of flowering plants to frost. The greatest quantity of alkaloids is in the leaves and fruits, so they are included in all Pharmacopoeia of the USSR.
The leaves of a dope with leaves henbane and herb are part of the asthma Smoking powder astmatol used as spasmodic agent in the treatment of bronchial asthma.
The dope ordinary - wild entered into the culture of the plant. The leaves contain alkaloids group atropine. Part of preparations (astmatol and astatine), used as a spasmolytic agent in bronchial asthma, whooping cough and other diseases accompanied by spasms of muscles bronchi. The highest single dose of leaves of a dope common - 0.2 g daily - 0,6,
The dope common is a plant - a relative of a henbane, it causes the same severe poisoning. It grows on weed places, grazing lands, kitchen gardens, near habitation. It occurs frequently, especially in the southern regions of the country.
The stem from being high, up to a meter, hollow inside. Glubokovskaya leaves are on long stalks.
The veins in the leaves whitish and act from below. Bloom dope white gramatnicai. Flowers sitting in the crotch of stems. By autumn the plant produces fruits, like nuts, planted with many thorns.
All parts of the plant, and especially fruits, contain toxic substances.